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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Hop Dance
The Egg Dance Photo, circa 1910s
The Hop Dance

            The first known Hop dance was the 'Egg-dance or Hop-egg' dance, as it was also called. It was a dance generally performed by women, who, in much the same manner as of a version of the Scottish sword-dance, who performed their figures with eggs placed around the floor. This practice has also been described by the writer 'Chaucer' (1340-1400) in his 'Canterbury Tales' (1387,) who says " the performers are called Hoppesteres." Also the eminent antiquarian named Strutt, in his "Sports and Pastimes," written about 1790, mentions that the so-called slang phrase, "Going to the hop tonight?" (which appeared to have been old even in his time) evidently came from this get together dance!

      Later, the Hop was a term used for many different styles of dance as well as a term for a get together with dance. These "Get Togethers" were very popular in the early 1900's and were called "Hops" by the College kids. The Hop (get togethers/ dances) which again resurfaced in the 1950's were called Record Hops and or Sock Hops. These Rock and Roll Sock

Hops were usually held in the Baskeball Gyms at various Jr and senior high schools and so the kids wouldn't scuff up the floors, they wore Socks instead of Shoes. Hops could be held basically anywhere that could hold a large crowd. They were not held in peoples homes like Rent Parties of the twenties.

      Many dances were last named "Hop" with a hope they would become popular with the college kids. Some of the dances actually had hopping movements. Some were named like the Bunny Hop, Bull Frog Hop, Finale Hop, Buzzard Hop, Lindbergh hop aka Lindy Hop (5/21/1927), after Charles Lindbergh's (1902-1974.) famous flight to Paris.

      The Al Smith Hop was really just a campaign trick to try to make his campaign seem more popular, thinking of the popularity of Lindbergh having so much stuff named after him, this tactic would appear (or give the illusion) that Smith was more popular than he was. Plus others trying to do the same thing or Chorographers trying to cash in on the above named "Lindy Hops" popularity during that time period.


Birth Place

Creation Date


Dance Type

n/a 1300's n/a Varies

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music Titles

n/a n/a 1955 - No Kissin' at the Hop - Phil Flowers (Clip)
            1957 - At The Hop - Danny and the Jr's (Clip)
            1959 - Car Hop (Ernie Daro) cha
            1959 - Cave Man Hop (Caulston)
            1961 - The Sock Hop - The Flares (Clip)
            1984 - Sock Hop with the Cops (Clip)
            Bobby Sox To Stockings - Frankie Avalon (Clip)
            Boppin' at the Hop - Buick 55's (Clip)
            Boppin' at the Hop - Lee Allen (Clip)
            Boppin' at the Hop - Johnny & Jailbirds (Clip)
            Boppin' Hop - Buddy Lucas Orchestra (Clip)
            Bunny Hop
            High School Hop - Jerry Lee Lewis (Clip)
            High School Hop - Lee Denson (Clip)
            Sock Hop - Gorman Sisters (Clip)
            Sock Hop Boogie (Clip)
            Stop at the Hop - Don Eee (Clip)

Night Clubs



n/a n/a n/a

Films / Movies


Ballets / Stage

Rock, Rock, Rock 1963 - Music Hop n/a
      1970's - Happy Days  
      1974 - A.M. New York - Discussion and Hop (Clip)  
      1985 - Kids incorporated - Sock hop (Clip)


            3/22/1884 - Harper's Weekly

Related Dances of the time...

Al Smith Hop Egg Hop Dance Jitterbug St. Louis Finale Hop Fashions of the 1950s Book
Boogie Woogie Eardhart Hop Jive St. Louis Hop
Bull Frog Hop Flea Hop Kangaroo Hop Swing
Bunny Hop Finale Hop (aka Scandal Walk) Lindbergh Hop Swing Hop
Buzzard Hop Hip-Hop Lindy Hop The Hop a Do
Byrd Hop Hoosier Hop, the Pachucko Hop Waltz Hop
Collegiate Hot Rod Hop Scandal Walk (aka Finale Hop) West Coast Swing
East Coast Swing   Shag  
        $ 1950s Fashions

Dancers, Choreographers etc.


n/a n/a Al Smith
    Amelia Eardhart
    Commander Richard Byrd
    Charles Lindbergh

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title Author Date Published Publisher
n/a n/a n/a n/a




Poets / Writers

n/a n/a n/a Geoffrey Chaucer

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

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