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  • Apollo: God of music, healing and light: Brother to Artemus and 1/2 brother to Terpischore, son of Leto and Zeus. In a passage of Pindar, Apollo is called the dancer; ( And there is a Greek line extant which represents Jupiter himself in the very act of dancing.) The Gymnopedite was instituted by Lycurgus, and was invented ( Lacedemon) by the Spartans as an early excitation to the courage of their children, and in order to lead them on insensibly to the exercise of an armed Dance ( Pyrrhic.) The choir of the children regulated their motions by those of the men, and all danced at the same time, singing hymns in praise of Apollo. The festival was sacred to Apollo for the poetry, and to Bacchus for the Dance.

  • Aphrodite: From the Island of Cyprus, featured lewd dances in the rites.

  • Bacchus: The Bacchanalia or Bacchic dance is named after him. Bacchus was wont to make pilgrimages, accompanied by a train of Nymphs, Satyrs, and Centaurs, into distant lands to teach mankind the cultivation of the grape and the preparation of wine, great feasts were indulged in, and a regular series of dances was performed, in which a multitude of people took part. The story of Dance of the Lapitha, the Lapithæ dwelt near Mount Olympus, in Thessalia.

    They are celebrated in history for the total destruction of the Centaurs ( Their neighbors) who, in a fit of intoxication, behaved in a rude manner to the wives of the former.The Lapithæ were great votaries to the god of wine, and of Dancing, of which he is reputed by some to be the inventor, held the first place in the ceremonies of his worship, the victory of the Centaurs was celebrated by a solemn dance, inverted on this occasion by Pirithous, prince, or king of Lapithæ. But it required so extraordinary an exertion in the dancer, that it was entirely confined to the robust inhabitants of the country.

  • Bes:

  • Book of Exodus: more click here:we are told that Miriam the sister of Moses, and all the women of Israel celebrated the destruction of the Egyptians with timbrals and Dances. This would be about 1,500 years before the birth of Christ. The Greeks amused themselves by Dancing the"Armed dance" (Pyrrhic) before the walls of Troy during the memorable siege from 1184 to 1194, B.C. King David, of Israel, Danced before all the people B.C. 1050; and 1000 B.C., Solomon wrote, 'there is a time to weep and a time to laugh; a time to mourn and a time to dance.' Lycurgus, the great Spartan law-giver, about 323 B.C., framed a law which made it imperative that the Spartan youth should be trained in a military dance from the seventh year of age. Christ also speaks of the elder brother of the Prodigal Son hearing music and Dancing.

  • Castor And Pollux:  (Protectors of the Sea): twin sons of Jupiter and Keda, brothers to Helen. The first teachers of dancing. Some mythological writers assert that the art of dancing was first taught by Pollux and Castor to the Lacedæmonians, while others attribute the invention to Minerva, who, after the defeat of the giants, Danced for joy. Castor and his brother Pollux highly trained in Military dances, distinguished themselves in these manly exercises, and were pronounced far superior to all the heroes of their time. Castor spent his alternate days with is brother in Hades.

  • Cymbele:  daughter of Menoes ( King of Phrygia and Dindymenis his wife.) Cymbal was said to invent diverse things such as the Flagelot of several pipes, the tabor, the cymbal ( Of course) and Dancing.

  • Flora:  Goddess of Flowers and Festivals: The May Dance of ancient origin, as it dates back to the dancing at the 'Feast of Flora'. In her honor were held the last of April and the first of May. ( See Maia).

  • Hecate  had the power over the dead and would be worshipped at night, these rites were usually secret and included dancing.

  • Babylon;  Married to Tammuz. Ishtar would descend to the underworld for six months, the earth died and nothing would be born, when her husband descended, the earth was reborn ( The Seasons,) all would celebrate her return from the underworld. When Ishtar descends, she must pass seven gates, at each gate she must leave one of her attributes, so when she arrives she is naked with no defenses. It is said that the dance of the Seven Veils depicts this. Salome dance ( Shalome) would be depicted as the welcoming back.

  • Jupiter: Aka Jove) was the supreme Roman deity, and was called ' the father of men and gods'. He is the father to Terpischore ( Some say Zeus) and the Nine Muses as well as Apollo. Married to Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory and son of Rhea. The Pyrrhic, or Armed dance, as it was called, was supposed to be the very first Dance, and was intended to amuse and divert the infant Jupiter, and by the noise and clash of swords against bucklers, to drown his cries.

  • Maia: it is said the Maypole dance is undoubtedly of Roman origin, and came from some ceremonies connected with the worship of Maia, the mother of Mercury, and the presiding goddess of that month. For many centuries it was the chief dance of rustic Ol' England.

  • Mediatorial Dances: were those performed when sacrifices were offered to the gods, and when expiating sins. These were distinct in character from many of the Dances performed at religious festivals, which are classed among the domestic dances.

  • Minerva: goddess of wisdom: was the daughter of Jupiter, who sprung from his brain; Minerva, who, after the defeat of the giants, danced for joy.

  • Osiris: who was the Egyptian equivalent of Bacchus and Dionysos; and co-eval with them was the Astronomic dance, a dance which was one of a marvelous age, and about which more perhaps has been written, than about any other dance of the early ages. It was an intricate and cleverly-executed dance, meant to represent the courses of the stars, and performed by a large number of dancers. Not only in Egypt, but in Assyria and even Greece this dance was known, and respectively around the fire-surmounted altars of Ra, Baal-peor, and Jove, who were the three chief, or sun-gods, of these nations, did the dance revolve ( Orchestra-1596-sir John Davis.) Osiris loved gaiety and much enjoyed songs and dances. He had with him always a company of musicians, among whom were nine maidens cultured in all the arts relating to music. Hence the Greeks call them the Nine Muses.

  • Pan: (Nature God): The Rural Dances were invented by Pan ( Half goat-half man,) who appointed the woods and the fine season of the year for the time and place of their performance. The Greeks and Romans observed them with the greatest solemnity in the celebration of the festival sacred to the god whom they believed to be the inventor.

  • Plato: the celebrated Greek Philosopher, who lived B.C. 429-348, divides the dances of the ancients into three classes, viz.: (I) The military dances; (2) the domestic dances; (3) the mediatorial dance The Emmeleïa was a sort of tragic movement or ballet, of which the elegance and majesty were greatly celebrated by Plato.

  • Romans: were introduced at the festivals of Bacchus, the god of wine. Originating, as they did, in a state of drunkenness, it is not surprising that the gross indecencies practiced by both men and women in these lascivious dances finally brought dancing into disrepute among the Romans.

  • Shiva: Indian Mythology: Lord Shiva is considered the supreme lord of the dance, who along with his wife Goddess Parvathi perform dances called Tandava and Lasya. The Tandava dance depicts Shiva's power to destroy the Universe through natures Power. There are seven types of Tandava: Ananda, Gauri, Kaali, Samara, Tripura, Sandhya, Uma. The Lasya dance has two types as well: Jarita and Yauvaka, these are performed by Parvathi and are considered the female form of Tandava. It Is Graceful and Erotic in movement.

  • ... from Greek mythology is the Goddess of Dance.
       Terpischore comes from the Greek word 'Terpein' ( To enjoy/delight in) 'and Choros' ( To dance.) She was one of the Nine daughters of Jupiter - 'God of the Sky' ( Some say Zeus was father) and her mother was Mnemosyne, the Goddess of Inspiration and Memory... It's Interesting to note that the mother of the inventive goddesses, are also recognized as the goddess of memory-important to dance. Jupiter was the supreme Roman deity, and was called 'the father of men and gods'. Terpischore is the half-sister of Apollo, plus she had nine sisters known as ' The Nine Muses', each muse was a goddess of the arts of whom Terpischore was one. The Muses were the inventors of and presided over poetry, music, Dancing, and the liberal arts and sciences. Terpischore's main job was to inspire and promote Dance. She also played the Lyre and Citahra ( Said to be of her invention.)

  • Thesus: King of Athens: On his return to Crete, Thesus invented a dance depicting his fight with the Minotaur, which became known as the Delian dance of the Labyrinth, or the Flight of the Cranes ( First Stage or choric dance) in which he himself assisted at the head of a numerous and splendid band of youths, around the altar of Apollo. The dance was composed of three parts; the Strophe, Anti-strophe, and the Stationary.

    In the strophe, the movements were from the right to the left; in the anti-strophe from the left to the right; and in the stationary, they danced before the altar; so that the stationary did not mean an absolute pause or rest, but only a slower or graver movement. To this dance (Delian dance of the Labyrinth) Thesus gave the name of Geranos, or the Crane, because the figures which characterized it, bore a resemblance to those described by cranes in their flight.

    The ancient Grecian dance Farandole ( Provence) which we owe to Thesus, and which the Phoneticians had imported to Marseilles. The wife of Saturn and the mother of Jupiter and Zeus. Saturn, AKA Kronos, had devoured all her male children for fear that one of them would dethrone him, so when Jupiter ( Zeus?) was born, Rhea deceived Saturn by giving him a stone, which he devoured instead of the child. Jupiter was then concealed, and Rhea invented the Pyrrhic, or Armed dance, ( Sometimes called Kronou Teknophagia or Crane Dance) to amuse and divert him, and to drown his cries by the noise of swords striking against bucklers, and by her, communicated the dance to her priests ( Curettes, or priests of Cybele) in Phrygia and Crete.


Birth Place

Birth Date


Apollo Greek Mythology B.C. n/a
Castor & Pollux Greek Mythology B.C. n/a
Ishtar Greek Mythology B.C. Tammuz
Jupitar Greek Mythology B.C. Mnemosyne
Terpischore (Terpein) Greek Mythology B.C. n/a
Menoes Greek Mythology B.C. Dindymenis
Minerva Greek Mythology B.C. n/a
Plato Greek Mythology 429 - 438 B.C. n/a
Goddess Rhea Greek Mythology B.C. Saturn

Dance Types

Actors who played parts

Music Titles

Armed dance Rita Hayworth n/a
Bacchanalia or Bacchic            
Crane Dance            
Seven Veils            
Delian dance of the Labyrinth            
Domestic dances            
Kronou Teknophagia            
May Dance            
Maypole dance            
Mediatorial dance            
Military Dance            
Salome dance            




1946 - Down To Earth [ Religious Dance Versus] n/a

  • NOTE: aka: The Terpsichorean Arts