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Scottisch
Schottische Dance History Title

     In 1850, there appeared in all parts of Europe, the Schottische (shot-teesh), a round dance which had been executed in Bavaria under the name "Reinlander " (rine-lant-er). In the Rheinish (sp?) countries, the Schottische was known as the "Bavarian Polka." Two sisters from Odessa, returning from Hungary did a variation to the Rheinlander called the "Hungarian Waltz" which became very popular with all who saw.

     However, the word Schottische is from Germany, not Scotland, even though the correct name of the dance is Scottish even tho the Germans referred to it as the "Schottische" (schot-ish) for some

reason.

     The dance was known in France, England, Russia and Greece as well as others as its true name "Scottish, " which have led many people to think that the Schottische was from Scotland, it was not. The Schottische has been said to be a German polka, and although it shares some similarities, it is very different.

     Bohemia had called the Schottische by the name of Polka Tremblante. The Polka became known as the "Schottische waltz " around 1840 in Germany. The Highland Schottische is a combination of the common schottische and the old reel.

     The composer named "Markowski " is said to have written the first Schottische. The music is in 2/4 time rendered slowly with the effect of 4/4, as well as any Polka played at half time would suffice. The dance was in popular state in the 1840s and 50's. The Schottische is said to have been introduced to Europe after the Polka. Allen Dodsworth states he was teaching it in 1849 and Fanny Cerrito was known to do the "Cerrito Schottische " in 1851.

     The Schottish Espagnole or Spanish Schottische aka Seven Step gained popularity in France in the early 1900's. The country western dance community also has a schottische done in Sweetheart/Promenade position.

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Germany 1849 Markowski Round Dance
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music preview clip

Music Titles

n/a Alma Polka (1883) Video Clip not available at this time Anniversary Schottische
      Amateur schottische (1870) Video Clip not available at this time Any Rags (1902-Allen)
      Amy schottische (Hornpipe & Reel) Video Clip not available at this time Bonnie Doon Schottische
      Annie schottische (1854) Video Clip not available at this time Brown Jug Schottische
      Annie Laurie schottische (1857) Video Clip not available at this time Ein Schottisch Tanz [MP3]
      Beauty's dream schottische Video Clip not available at this time Elizabethan Schottische
      Belmont schottische Video Clip not available at this time Finger Schottische
      Cradle schottische (1855) Video Clip not available at this time Frances Schottische
      Flannel flower schottische (1910)
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Haughs o' Cromdale (Clancy Bros.)
      Rainbow Schottisch (1852)
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Highland Laddie
      The Auburn schottische (1855)
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Highland Schottische (Ellis)
      The birthday schottische (1853) Video Clip not available at this time Hi-Lo Schottische
        Video Clip not available at this time Honeysuckle Schottische
        Video Clip not available at this time La Brillante (1885)
       
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Loch Lomond
        Video Clip not available at this time North Star Schottische
       
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Palmyra Schottische
        Video Clip not available at this time Prairie Schottische
            Video Clip not available at this time Rochchester Schottische
           
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Scottish Songs (Bach)
            Video Clip not available at this time Silver Spray Schottische [MP3] (sousa)
            Video Clip not available at this time Strathbrook Schottische
            Video Clip not available at this time Texas Schottische
           
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Tyrolean Schottische (Benny Andersson)
 

Night Clubs

Theaters

Locations

n/a n/a Bavaria
            Bohemia
            Scotland
            Germany
 

Films / Movies

Television

Ballets / Stage

n/a n/a  
             
             
             
           

Publications

            10/1938 - Dance Digest Magazine
            $ 2003 - Highland Schottische
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Balmoral (a Schottische) Highland Schottische Rheinlander
Barn Dance Hungarian Waltz Robinson Schottische
Bavarian Polka Landler Round Dances
Ceilidh Mazurka Schottische Waltz
Cerrito Schottische (1851) Military Schottische Schottish Espagnole
Cotillions Palaca Schottische[Brookes] (1860s) Scottis
Country Schottische Philadelphia Schottische (1866) Scottish
Durang Schottische Quadrille (1860s) Polka Square Dance
Folk Dances Polka Tremblante Sweetheart Schottische (Country-Western)
Gazelle Schottische  Quadrilles Sword dance
Highland Fling Redowa Waltz
  Reels  
 

Historic Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Fanny Cerito Mlle. Augusta n/a
M. Frederick    
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title Author Date Published Publisher
Coulons Handbook Coulon, Eugene 1873 A. Hammond
The Ball-Room Guide (without a master) n/a 1879 J Daniel & Sons
Grammar of the Art of Dancing Zorn, Friedrich Albert 1905 ??
Complete Book Of Ballroom Dancing Stephenson, Richard 1980 Doubleday
 

Musicians

Singers

Poets / Writers

A. Decombre n/a n/a
John Philip Sousa        
Markowski        
Thomas S. Allen        
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

ragtime schottische n/a n/a -
Victorian-era        
 

Basic Step ... (for historic version, not modern)

from Eugene Coulons Handbook - (French version done in 1873):

     "The gentleman begins with the left, and the lady with the right foot. Three pas marché (or walking steps) sideways, finishing with one foot up behind, then jump on the foot that is down. The same with the other foot. Four times jetté forward, and jump on the foot which is down in turning one round. Lately the Valse à Deux Temps has been introduced instead of the four jettés and jump, and it is far superior. Some begin the Schottische with four steps of the Gallopade, and then the four jettés and jump" (end Coulon.)

Another description from Cartiers Book (1888):
1st Part :
     "Slide left foot to 2nd. position (count one); draw right foot to 1st position (count two); slide left foot again to 2nd position (count three); spring on the left foot, and at the same time bring the right foot behind, slightly raised from the floor (count four). Repeat the same movement to the right by commencing with the right foot, counting five, six, seven, eight.
2nd Part:
     Spring from the right to the left foot (count one); hop on the left foot (count two); spring from the left to the right foot (count three); hop on the right foot (count four). Repeat the same, counting five, six, seven, eight. Commence then again on the first part, and so on. The hopping step in the second part is but rarely used at the present day (meaning 1888), and either the waltz or Galop step is substituted instead" (end Cartier.)      The Schottische was originally danced in couples closed position throughout the dance. During the1890's it gained it's present form which was modified to an open running position for the first part with the follower on the right side of the leader and a closed position for the turning 2nd part . As the years went by most Hopping and Jumping were eliminated from most all the dances.

 
April 10, 2013
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