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Salome painting by  F. Matina ~ 1930s

            Salomé, (pronounced SLOM) was the daughter of King Herod Philip I (d. AD 34) ruler of Palestine and Herodias. As the story goes: Salomé danced before the Tetrarch of Galilee "King Herod Antipas" (BC - d. AD 39, a son of Herod the Great) at the Castle of Machaerus (located in gorge of Callirhoe, one of the wadies 9 miles east of the Dead Sea, now called M'khaur) who was the incestuous lover of Herodias (daughter of daughter of Aristobulus and Bernice as well as Herod the greats niece and Salome's mother) to get what she wanted. Herod Antipas loved her exotic dancing and would do just about anything to watch Salomé dance. John the Baptist (son of Zacharias and Elisabeth) was publicly disgracing Herodias (Wife of Herod Phillip, Antipas' half Brother) for incest and adultery.

    Herodias' hated John and wanted Antipas to silence him. Antipas would not hear of it as he was afraid of the people, because they considered him a prophet and almost teased her with him. On Antipas birthday, Salomé danced before Herod and his guests and at the end of her dance pledged an oath to her to give her whatever she wanted, to fulfill his promise to Salomé (Matt. Xiv. 7) she asked for the Head of John the Baptist, owing to please her mother Herodias. Herod preferred to commit a murder rather than to break his vow and disappoint his mistress/Wife. Salomé would later marry Phillip, her father.

     That's not all though, later in Salome's life as she was crossing the frozen river of Sikoris, she fell through the ice in such a manner that her body floated in the water while her head stayed above the ice. Thus she remained until the sharp ice had severed her neck. Her headless body was never found; her severed head was brought to Herod and Herodias. Thus the BIBLICAL story of Salomé and John the Baptist (Matthew 14:6-8, Mark vi, 17-29, Jos. Ant XVIII, v 1-4 and St. Luke in the New Testament).

     Salomé became the symbol of a sexually demonic women, as well as having had overtones of incest, sadism and depravity which you can see in many art pieces of years past, such as Gustave Moreaus painting, (1874-86) "Salomé Dancing Before Herod." Salomé's dance was was said to be very beautiful however, but because of what she did with her beauty and power of dance, most writers and movie producers gave it a more evil overtone. Salomé and the Dance of the Seven Veils are basically the same thing.

     Oscar Wide'splay "Salomé" was banned in England and later reproduced in Paris by Sarah Bernhardt in 1894, then later a performance of Salomé was in 1896 in Paris at the de l'ceuvre theater. The Salomé Dance was made popular by Gertrude Hoffman in the early nineteen hundreds. It has been said that "Mademoiselle Dazie" introduced the "Salomé Dance" in 1907, However Maude Allan made her debut acting and dancing Salome in the "Vision Of Salomé" in 1903. Theda Bara, Eva Tanguay and Gaby Desyls danced the Seven Veils professionally in the early 1900's.

     Striptease, Belly dancing and the "Dance of the Seven Veils" are linked to the dance of Salomé. The dance of the Seven Veils is basically a Belly dance routine today and is considered very seductive, using veils, removed one at a time (see belly dance.) On her descent to the underworld, the Goddess Ishtar, has to remove her powers/attributes, one at a time at each of the Seven gates to descend, this passage depicts the removal of the Veils. The Salome dance is based on the "Welcoming back" of Ishtar's return. (The clip on the left is of Rita Hayworth Salome/7 Veils adaptation).

     Dr. R. A. Adams in his book entitled "The social dance," written in 1921. says: "Now, when the people of today will dance, as the ancients danced, dance women and men separate, dance to the glory of God, dance with the thought of God in their minds, the objections will be withdrawn. But the sad truth is, the dances of today are for the most part, the "Salome" dances, with the addition of men to gaze upon the nakedness of the women and to come into close physical touch with them. It might be added that the "Salome Dance" is still considered indecent to the extent that it has been barred from the theaters of many cities of this country and other countries".

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Castle of Machaerus 23 BC? Salome Belly / Raks Sharqi
More Photo's |

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music preview clip

Music Titles

Salome 1908 - Dusky Salomé Video Clip not available at this time Dance Of The Seven Veils
Salome (Loie Fuller) 1909 - Vision of Salome Video Clip not available at this time Dusky Salome
Salome (Nazimova) 1920 - Sal - O - May Video Clip not available at this time Herodias - 1881
Salome (Theda Bara) 1921 - Sa-Sal-Salomé Video Clip not available at this time I'm Going to Get Myself a Black Salomé
      Sadie Salomé
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
John the baptist and Salome - Omar F. Tekbilek
      Salomé Waltz Oriental Video Clip not available at this time Mystic Beauty (Veil Dance)
      The Seventh Veil (Artie Barsamian) Video Clip not available at this time Passing Of Salome (Waltz)
        Video Clip not available at this time Sadie Salome - Go Home
        Video Clip not available at this time Sal-O-May (Foxtrot) 1921
        Video Clip not available at this time Salomé
 

Biblical Verses

Theaters

Locations

Josephus, Antiq., XVIII, v, 1, 4 1895- Comedie Parisienne Egypt
Josephus, Antiq., XVIII, vii 1896- Theater de Lceuvre (Paris) Greece
Josephus, "Antiq. Jud.", XVIII, v, 4 1909 - Lyric Theater (Herod) Rome
Luke 3:19 1912- Paris Theater Russia
Matthew 14:1-12 1917- Tairov Kamerny (Russia) USA
Matthew 14:6-8: Mark 6:22; 1933- M.E.T. (N.Y.) Salome's Bronze door of San Zeno - Verona
Matthew Xiv, 3-12 1947 - NYC Center
Matthew 27:56    
Matt. 2:1-22; Luke 1:5; Acts 23:35    
Mark 6:14-29    
Mark 15:40    
Mark vi, 17-29 -- Antiq., XVIII, v, 2, 4    
 
Video Clips (pop-up)

related Films / Movies

Television

Ballets / Stage

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1897 - Butterfly Dance (Annabella Moore) 1970 - Omnibus: Dance of the Seven Veils(Clip) 1893 - Salome (Oscar Wilde)
Video Clip not available at this time 1908 - Salome       Salome (Sarah Bernhardt-1844-1923)
Video Clip not available at this time 1909 - Salome Mad       1895 - Salome (Fuller - Comedie Parisienne)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1910 - Salomé (Colorized by Ugo Falena)       1903- Vision Of Salome
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1914 - Sawdust and Salome       1906 - Salome Libretto (M.E.T.)
Video Clip not available at this time 1918 - Salome       1907 - Dazie
Video Clip not available at this time 1919 - Salome vs. Shenandoah       1908 - Fluffy Ruffles
Video Clip not available at this time 1920 - A Modern Salomé       1908 - Follies of 1908 (Mlle. Dazie)
Video Clip not available at this time 1920 - A Sister To Salome       1909 - Herod
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1923 - Salome DVD (Nazimova)       1910 - Follies (Vision of Salome)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1923 - Strauss Salomé       1910 - Seaman's Transatlantic Burlesque
Video Clip not available at this time 1925 - Salomé of the Tenements       1910- The Tragedy Of Salomé (Ballet)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1926 - Dante's Inferno ?       1915 - Stop, Look and Listen
Video Clip not available at this time 1927 - Heart Of Salomé       1930 The Wandering Jewes (Vicreck)
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - El Nacimiento de Salomé       Bus Stop (strip)
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - Salomé       1947 - Grande Ballet de Monte-Carlo
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1945 - Salome where she danced [DVD]       1947 - Salomé - NYC Opera
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1953 - Salomé [DVD] (Hayworth)       1981 - Salome (Italian)
Video Clip not available at this time 1961 - king Of Kings       1995 - Salome (Ljuba Kazarnovskaya) (Clip)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1973 - Salome (Clive Barker)       2003 - Salome Dance (Carlos Saura) (Clip)
Video Clip not available at this time 1973 - Salome & the Forbidden [DVD]        
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1974 - Salome [DVD] (Strauss's 1905)        
Video Clip not available at this time 1985 - Salomé      

Publications

Video Clip not available at this time 1990 - Salome [DVD] (Malfitano)       8/25/1929 - Ogden Standard Examiner (Jessie York)
Video Clip not available at this time 1992 - Salome [DVD] (Covent Garden)      
Video Clip not available at this time 1997 - Salome (Malfitano) [DVD]        
Video Clip not available at this time 1997 Salome-Comp Opera [DVD]        
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1988 - Salome's Last Dance [DVD]        
Video Clip not available at this time Salome's Bath (St. Cyr)        
Video Clip not available at this time A Man Of No Importance        
Video Clip not available at this time Damn Yankee's (Strip)        
Video Clip not available at this time Salome        
 

Other Related Dances ...

Ballet Exotic Pompeiin Dance  
Belly Dance (aka Raks Sharqi) Jazz Raks Sharqi  
Burlesque Mime Strip Tease
Dance Of The Seven Veils Modern Jazz Veil Dance
     
 

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

1890's - Mary Garden 1961 - Brigid Brizlan Herod Antipas (d. AD - 39)
1890's - Little Egypt 1981 - Gina Alajar Christ (37 BC- 4 BC)
1890/1920s - Allah Nazimova Anja Silja Herodias
1895 - Loie Fuller Diana Allen John The Baptist (c.28-30 AD)
1903 - Maude Allen Djita Pontius Pilate (BC-AD 26-36)
1906 - Saharet Eva Tanquay  
1908 - Ada Overton Walker Gertrude Hoffman
1910 - Boris Romanoff Lilly St. Cyr
1912 - Ida Rubenstein Maria Ewing
1915 - Gaby Deslys Mlle. Dazie
1919 - Theda Barra Natacha Rambova
1920s - Nina Barkis Olive Fremsted
1925 - Jetta Goudal Ruth Muller (Gay version)
1929 - Jessie York Ruth St. Denis
1946 - Beverly Cort Vera Fokina
1953 - Rita Hayworth    
1955 - Eartha Kitt    
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Writer

Date

Publisher

The Bible Joseph, Mark, Matthew, St. Luke etc.
Putnam Magazine Putnam 1868 n/a
Frank Leslie's Magazine n/a 1899 n/a
The Social Dance Adams, Dr. R. A. 1921 Revels Acorn
Theater Arts Magazine n/a 3/1934 n/a
A Pictorial History of Burlesque Sobel, Bernard 1956 Bonanza Books
Scamp Magazine n/a 11/1957 n/a
Dancing , The Pleasure, Power & Art Of Movement Jonas, Gerald 1992 Harry Abrahms
 

Musicians etc.

Singers

Poets / Writers

Chayanne Fanny Brice 1/1868 - Putnam's Magazine (book)
Eduard Strauss (1835-1916) Ljuba Welitsch 1869 - Pavis de Chavannes
Hesitation Band (Passing) Sophie Tucker 1874 - Gustave Moreau (Artist)
Imperial Society Orchestra     1892 - G. Rochergrosse
Massane     1854-1900 - Oscar Wilde
      1905 - Richard Strauss - Opera
        1906 - Franz Von Struck (of Saharet)
        1910 - A. Piotrowski (Artist)
        1921 - M. Ben Susan (Artist)
        Da Vinci

Links

    Gustov Klint
Bible Dictionary     Israel yon Menecken (Artist)
        Jan van Troyen (fl. 1650-1660)
        Karel yon Mander (Artist)
        Pablo Picasso (Artist)
        Saint-Etienne-Toulouse
        Troy Kinney (Artist)
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Agrippa John The Baptist Pontius Pilate
Aretas, king of Perea Jokanaan, the Prophet Religion
Christ, Jesus Lucian, Lucias Sadducees
Christianity (Palestine) Matthew (new Testament) Salomé, stepdaughter of Herod
Goddess Ishtar (of war & Love) Naaman, the Executioner the Black Fortress
Herod, Tetrach of Judea Narraboth, Captain of the Guard Zebedee (aka Salome)
Herodias , wife of Herod Pharisees  
 

Other ...

Clive Barker's - Salome the Forbidden Salome: Starring Rita Hayworth Salome at Covent Garden Salome Salome starring Nazimova Salome's Last Dance
April 6, 2013
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