Back To Homepage
Redowa Dance History Origins Page
Ballrooms and Nightclubs Ballrooms Burlesque Dancers Burlesque Contests ContestsDancers Dancers Dance Marathons Marathons Dance Movies Movies Dance Posters Posters Vintage Dance Sheet Music Covers Sheet Music Torupes and Dance Groups Troupes Reload this page from server Refresh
INDEX

MUSIC Lists: Contemporary WCS|Trad'l WCS|C/W Swing|Big Band|Disco|Gospel|Holiday|Hustle|Late Night|Latin|Latin WCS|Mash-Ups|NC2S|Techno

You Are here:
| Photo Not Available |
The REDOWA

          In The language of the Bohémians the word, rejdovat means to "push, to and fro." This term is applied to the "Pursuit" in the round dances such as the Waltz, where the follower is pushed along the line of dance. In Zorns book he recommends a "figure (pattern) change every four measures." This change of figures was named the Redowa in Southern Germany in 1830. The Polka and Redowa are sometimes confused as the same dance when done in common time (4/4,) mainly because of the Polka-Redowa, which was much slower than the Polka, the only difference of the dance was the speed, it was still a polka. (However the Polka was first.)

     When the Redowa is done to ¾ time it became basically a Waltz. The waltz-Mazurka was very, very similar. Depending on the time and location of many writers, they would list the dance as a Polka or Waltz, so the music (time signature etc.) would be the only difference. Fanny Cerrito and Arthur Saint Léon were avid dancers and performers of the Redowa (¾ time Polka) and introduced it to the Italians in 1845.

     Allen Dodsworth says (1880s) "When first introduced, this dance had the same time of a Polka-Mazourka, the melody usually being smoother and more graceful in style. It consists of the three motions, leap, slide, change, the same as in the waltz. The accented motion falling upon the unaccented pair of the music, at this slow speed many persons failed in accenting it correctly, gradually falling into the simpler succession of slide, change, leap, as in the polka; after a time this was called Polka-Redowa, and completely displaced the Redowa. The name was, however, retained in the Redowa Waltz, and a distinction as made between that and the ordinary waltz by springing with great energy upon the leap -- the"too-too's" (or excessive, aka: dance addicts) of those days not failing to make their disposition known by exaggerating the leap. The beautiful waltz of today (1880's) is a subdued Redowa. Those who failed in those days, finding this Redowa beyond their powers of accomplishment, modified it to the Hop-waltz, as those who fail now modify the waltz to what is called the Boston."

     The Redowaczka is basically a Gallopade (Galop) and a music change to 2/4 time. When the polka became the vogue, the Redowa and polka merged to become the Redowa-Polka, that remains till 1880s, Later these mixings would be called the Half and Half. The Redowa is executed by couples, like all the other waltzes, and is composed of three parts distinct from each other.
1st. The pursuit.
2nd. The waltz, called a Redowa.
3rd. The waltz à deux temps, executed to a peculiar measure, and which, by a change of the rhythm, assumes a new character. The speed was about 160 BPM. This dance was usually done in the center of the floor, while waltzers would dance along the edges.

     The Mazurka and Redowa also had a blending, but it was mainly a music style blend that led to the Mazurka-Polka (Polka-Mazur), and is said to have been created by Princess "Marie Nicolaewna" (c.1839) who was the daughter of Russian " Emperor Nicholas I.

     The Redowa is frequently executed under the name of "Tyrolienne" and many compositions have been made up of genuine Tyrolese airs. The melodies (¾ time) of the Tyrolese dances and Alpine songs called Yodelers and Landlers, done at weddings and festivals. The leader asks for her hand to dance, gently turns her, goes down on one knee and she turns around him, then perhaps lifts her high in the air.

     In certain countries like Berlin, the Redowa is known as the "Hunter Schottische or Hunter Polka," from the "Neuchatel Hunters" (Military) of Berlin. Mr. Coulon is said to have introduced the Redowa to France in 1816 in many dance books of his time, However Coulon was born in 1808, which makes this highly unlikely... (It was in 1846 rather than 1816 by Coulon and Mrs. N. Henderson, at the Almack Rooms, in 1847 and supposedly England during the 1870s.) The French Redowa was similar to the waltz, being it was done in 3/4 time and used mazurka waltz patterns, while the basic step was a pas de Basque.

     The Redowa Glissade was accepted by the American Society of Professors of Dancing, New York, in 1879.
Waltz Timeline (as close as I can find)

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Bohemia 1830 n/a Polka
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music preview clip

Music Titles

n/a La Redowa d'amour
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Redowa 1900
      La Redowa mazurka
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Redowa: A Bohemian Dance [MP3]
      La Redowa polka Video Clip not available at this time Redowa Polka
      La Redowa valse Video Clip not available at this time Redowa Waltz [MP3]
      Manuela Portuguese Redowa (1896) Video Clip not available at this time Tyrolienne
      Redowa waltz Video Clip not available at this time  
           
 

Night Clubs

Theaters

Locations

n/a Almacks Bohemia
            Germany
            Italy
            Russia
 

Films / Movies

Television

Ballets / Stage

n/a n/a n/a
             
             
           

Publications

            n/a
                 
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Berlin, The Hupfauf New Redowa (Durang-1847)
Cotillion Jigs Redowa Glissade (Society Waltz)
Cracovienne Mazurka Redowa Waltz (1840S)
Danse A' Deux Minuet Schottische
Gallop/ Galop Polka Waltz
Glide Waltz (& Double) Polka Redowa York
 

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Arthur Saint Léon (1840s) Jules Martin (1840s) n/a
Eugene Coulon (1846) Lecomte  
Fanny Cerrito (1840s) Marie Nicolaewna (1839)  
John Durang (and daughter ) Ms. Durang (Mr. Durang and daughter)  
     
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title Author Date Published Publisher
Leaflets of the ball room Durang 1847 Turner & Fisher
Dime Ballroom Companion Beadle 1868 Beadle & Co.
Coulon's Hand Book Coulon, Eugene 1873 London & Hammond
Dance Album Freising, Herr A. 1885 n/a
Grammar of the Art of Dancing Zorn, Friedrich Albert 1905 Sheafe
       
 

Musicians

Bands

Singers

Poets / Writers

Faust, Karl n/a n/a n/a
Herold, Edouard          
Freising, Herr A.            
             
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Neuchatel Polka Waltz -
Tyrolese Mazurka      
         
 
Basic Step:
(Ballroom Hold, Leader starts left, Follower right) excerpted from "Beadles dime ballroom companion, 1868"

Gent takes one hop on left foot and lady upon right simultaneously. Gent then takes one hop upon right foot, which has been passed behind, and to right of the left, which movement will turn gent to right, turning lady, who makes the movement in two running hops. This is continued alternately, one hope in time of partner's two running hops, care being taken to keep in perfect time with the music.
Other...
 
March 26, 2013
http://www.Streetswing.com/histmain/index.htm

©1999-2012 www.StreetSwing.com