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Kruegar and Valli  (circa 1901) do the Tango
Streetswings dance History - Milonga Title

        Buenos Aires (Argentina) was founded by a Spanish expedition in 1536, then again in 1580. Immigration brought many French, Spanish and Italians to Buenos Aires and Buenos Aires went on to become a major city by having a mass influx of immigrants, African-Argentines, gauchos (cowboys,) and compadritos (a gaucho tough guy/). In 1816 the Waltz was introduced to Argentina, then came the Polka, Mazurka and Schottische. Spanish and Cuban rhythms mixed and the Habanera was born. Music was slow to start being made but soon picked up in mass numbers as the gathering places of the compadritos were the Brothels, which started to have very popular dances similar to the French Apache dancers and the dives rather than Brothels of the French underworld.

   The Habanera (Havanara) music and dance came from Havana, Cuba and made its way thru Spain to Argentina in the early 19th century thru which started the compadritos’ mockeryof the African-Argentines dance: basically the blacksdanced separated dances and the compadritos danced in the embrace or ballroom position. The Habanera and the Polka played a part in the Argentine Dance known as the 'Milonga' ("or Poor Mans Habanera"). The Milonga originated as a song with lively improvisations and a peppy tempo from the rural area known as Pampa. When this tempo was quieted down and steps were added to it making the Milonga the first known Tango but had not yet been named as such. However the Milonga was very popular by the 1870's.

Wiki states that:
      "Milonga dance incorporates the same basic elements as Tango but permits a greater relaxation of legs and body. Movement is normally faster, and pauses are not made. It is rather a kind of rhythmic walking without complicated figures, with a much more "rustic" style than Tango.

  There are different styles of Milonga: "Milonga Lisa" (Simple Milonga), in which the dancer steps on every beat of the music; and "Milonga con Traspié", in which the dancer uses Traspiés or contrapasos (changes of weight from one foot to the other and back again in double time or three steps in two beats) to interpret the music. Thus, dynamics may be danced without having to run fast or without the use of much space.

  In a book published in 1883 Ventura Lynch, a noted contemporary student of the dances and folklore of Buenos Aires Province, noted the influence the Afro-Argentine dancers had on the compadritos, who apparently frequented the Afro-Argentine dance venues, "the Milonga is danced only by the compadritos of the city, who have created it as a mockery of the dances the blacks hold in their own places".

  Ventura also noted the popularity of the Milonga. "The Milonga is so universal in the environs of the city that it is an obligatory piece at all the lower-class dances (bailecitos de medio pelo), and it is now heard on guitars, on paper-combs, and from the itinerant musicians with their flutes, harps and violins. It has also been taken up by the organ-grinders, who have arranged it so as to sound like the habanera dance. It is danced too in the low life clubs around...[main] markets, and also at the dances and wakes of cart-drivers, the soldiery and compadres and compadritos.

  Distinctive elements added from candombe were "quebradas", improvised, jerky, semi-athletic contortions, the more dramatic the better, and cortes, a suggestive pause, or sudden break in the figures of the dance. Unlike in the then "Tango" of that group, however, where these movements were danced apart, they were now danced together. Jose Gobello suggested that the mazurka was also altered in the districts close to the docks. This Africanized milonga-tango, as well as the habanera and mazurka, was frowned upon, and found wholly unacceptable by some sections of Argentine high society"... (end Wiki).

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Buenos Aires 1800s n/a Latin / Folk / Tango
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

 

Music Titles

The Last Tango (Machado) Adoracion Video Clip not available at this time El Choclo (Angel Villoldo) 1903
      Consuelo Video Clip not available at this time El Lloron
      De Pura Cepa Video Clip not available at this time Habanera
      Milonga de Mis Amores Video Clip not available at this time La Puñalada (P. Castellanos)
      Pedacitos de Papel Video Clip not available at this time La trampera (A. Troilo)
      Soy Tremendo! Video Clip not available at this time Milonga Del Angel [mp3] (Astor Piazzolla)
      Tierrita Video Clip not available at this time Milonga del consorcio
      Un Lamento Video Clip not available at this time Milonga Del Corazon
      Un Momento Video Clip not available at this time Milonga lunfarda
        Video Clip not available at this time Milonga Sentimental (Sebastián Piana) 1931
        Video Clip not available at this time Milonga Vieja: Best Tango Argentino [CD]
        Video Clip not available at this time Milonga Tangueada [mp3]
        Video Clip not available at this time Nocturna Milonga (J.Plaza)
       
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Tango Milonga (Mieczysław Fogg)
               
 

Night Clubs

Theaters

Locations

n/a n/a n/a
             
                 
 

Television

Publications

Ballets / Stage

1970 - Tango jalousi $ Tango Reporter [Mag Subscription] George Bizets "Carmen"
  Tanguera Magazine 1988 - Tango Argentino
  Caras y Caretas (1900's)  
     
     
 

Instructional Books, VHS & DVD

 
  $ Quickstart To Tango - Book (Allen)  
  $ Tango: The Structure of the Dance Book (Castro)  
  $ Tango Argentino - Book (Bottomer)  
     
     
Video Clips (pop-up)

Various Tango Films

Video Clip not available at this time 1900 - L' Habanera Video Clip not available at this time 1934 - Torch Tango Video Clip not available at this time 1987 - Tango Bayle nuestro
Video Clip not available at this time 1900 - Tango Argentino Video Clip not available at this time 1935 - El Día Que Me Quieras (Gardel)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1988 - Tango Bar [DVD] (Raul Julia)
Video Clip not available at this time 1910 - BeBe Apache Video Clip not available at this time 1935 - El Tango en Broadway (Gardel) Video Clip not available at this time 1988 - Tango our Dance [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1912 - Max, professeur de tango
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Tango Bar (Carlos Gardel) Video Clip not available at this time 1991 - Naked Tango
Video Clip not available at this time 1913 - Argentine Tango & Other Dances Video Clip not available at this time 1937 - La Habanera Video Clip not available at this time 1992 - Tango Argentino
Video Clip not available at this time 1913 - Kri Kri e il tango Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Academia El Tango Argentino Video Clip not available at this time 1996 - True Lies
Video Clip not available at this time 1914 - Nobby's Tango Teas Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Arres de Andalucia ? Video Clip not available at this time 1996 - Evita!
Video Clip not available at this time 1914 - Tango Mad Video Clip not available at this time 1948 - Tango vuelve a París Video Clip not available at this time 1996 - Tango Jalousie
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1914 - Tango Tangles (Chaplin) Video Clip not available at this time 1955 - Mercado del Abasto Video Clip not available at this time 1997 - The Tango Lesson [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1914 - A Tango Tragedy
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1955 - Vida Nocturna Video Clip not available at this time 1998 - Tango, the Obsession [DVD] #5
Video Clip not available at this time 1916 - The Tango Queen Video Clip not available at this time 1956 - El Tango en París Video Clip not available at this time 1999 - Milonga
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1917 - Tango de la muerte, El Video Clip not available at this time 1958 - Habanera Video Clip not available at this time 1999 - Tango [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1918 - Violeta o La reina del tango Video Clip not available at this time 1964 - Notas Andaluzas Video Clip not available at this time 1999 - Three To Tango
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1921 - Four Horsemen [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 1969 - Tango Argentino Video Clip not available at this time 2000 - best of the performances by Masters Argentine Tango [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1921 - The Sheik [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 1972 - Last Tango In Paris [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time
Video Clip not available at this time 1925 - Mi último tango Video Clip not available at this time 1976 - El Canto cuenta su historia Video Clip not available at this time 2001 - Best of Cosmo Tango [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1927 - Girl from Rio Video Clip not available at this time 1981 - Danzón? [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 2001 - Moulin Rouge (Roxanne)
Video Clip not available at this time 1928 - Borrachera del tango, La Video Clip not available at this time 1983 - El Tango es una historia Video Clip not available at this time 2001 - The Waking Life (animation)
Video Clip not available at this time 1929 - Pandora's Box Video Clip not available at this time 1983 - Tango [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 2002 - The Tuxedo
Video Clip not available at this time 1930 - Ein Tango für Dich Video Clip not available at this time 1984 - Habanera Video Clip not available at this time 2003 - Best of Cosmo Tango [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1933 - Melodía de Arrabal (Imperio Argentina) Video Clip not available at this time 1984 - Tango y tango Video Clip not available at this time 2003 - Assassination Tango [DVD] (Duval)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1933 - Moglia Barth (Luis José) Video Clip not available at this time 1985 - Tango's l'exil de Gardel Video Clip not available at this time Scent of a Woman
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1933 - Tango! Video Clip not available at this time 1987 - Tango [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
2010 - Milonga
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

American Tango Fandango Mazurka Waltz n/a
AndalusanTango Habanera Milonga    
Apache Dance International Polka    
Argentine Tango Latin Dance Spanish Dance    
 

Associated Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Carmencita Calderón Milena Zotto Roca, Julio Argentino, (1843-1914)
Copes Robert Duval  
Dinzels, the Roberto and Guillermina  
Geraldine Javier Rudolph Valentino  
Maria Nieves Virulazo Cachafaz  
Maurice Mouvet & Florence Walton    
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title Author Date Published Publisher
Title not available atm Ventura Lynch 1883 ~
El Libro del Tango (1850-1977) Ferrer, Horacio 1977 ~
Argentine Tango as Social History, 1880-1955 Castro, Donald S.
1991 Edwin Mellen Press
Tango, una historia Labrana, Luis ySebastian, Ana 1992  
Tango!: The Dance, the Song, the Story Collier, Simon 1997 Thames & Hudson
$ Breve Historia del Tango Aranibar, Eduardo
1999 Manrique Zago
$ Historia del Baile: de la Milonga a la Disco Pujol, Sergio Alejandro
1999 Emece Editores
$ The Golden Age of Tango: Ferrer, Horacio 2000 Art Books Intl Ltd
       
 

Musicians, Composers etc.

Artists

Poets / Writers

Buccino, Miguel A. Powell (The Tango) Hernandez, Jose
Canaro, Francisco | Carabelli | Castellanos, P. Bill Brauer (The Tango)  
Donato Gorga (Lovers Tango - Sculpture)  
Filberto, Juan de Dios Machado (The Last Tango)  
Gardel, Carlos (1890-1935)  

Singers

Mores, M.   Sophia Bozan
Piana, Sebastián | Astor Piazzolla | Pirincho | Plaza, J. | Pugliese        
       
Troilo, Aníbal        
Yradier, Sebastián de (1809-1865)        
         
         
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

age of the Guardia Vieja (Old Guard) Caudillos Gauchos Pampa
Araucanian Indians Clandestinos Guitar Payadores (Folk Singers)
Arrabales Compadre La Media Luna Sainetes
bandoneon Contradanza milonguero  
Barrios Corte Ocho  
 
Other...
Links: Libertango |
March 20, 2013
http://www.Streetswing.com/histmain/z3milnga.htm

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