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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Latin Dance
female Latin Dancer with Drums history origins page
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                It's true name is Afro-Cuban Dance. Latin dances can be very slow and romantic or hot and sexy. Latin Dance is an umbrella term used to describe the Latin-American dances such as the Samba, Cha-Cha, Mambo, Rumba, Merengue, Pachanga, Bolero, Shoeing the mare, Paso Doble, Lambada, Son, Tango etc. (click on the link to see more.)

       These dances originally came from Argentina, Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico, etc. with Spanish, African, Cuban and Vernacular influences. Today, "Latin Mambo" is generally called Salsa (see mambo) by the public with the term "Latin" meaning the Ballroom versions of mambo and "Salsa" meaning the street versions (basically same thing). However, the Salsa umbrella is much more limited to certain dances such as Mambo, Casino Rueda and Merengue.


        Most of these dances have been changed heavily into an American version rather than its original. Many other forms of dance and or Steps have integrated into each dance.Bascus introduced Tap and Legomania at the Palladium in New York and Teddy Hill added many steps from the Lindy Hop's Acrobatic steps into the Mambo as well as the Cha Cha. Others incorporating Tap steps, Ballet Arms, and hand getsues, Buck and Wing and Cuban body movement into the dance. Other dancers such as "Killer Joe" Piro and Cuban Pete would add more non latin dance steps into the dance as well, alltho Cuban Pete was really a latin dancer (he did add some Tap,) Killer Joe was not.

       Augie and Margo added a great deal to the latin scene with their style, Techniques, Innovations, Tricks and more. Augie and Margo where the cleanest and best performers in the latin night club scene in the 1940s/50's ... these two cats where way ahead of thier time for sure with a style that lasts to this day. Anyway, these new at the time steps would be confused by many dancers of later years not seeing the transitions that happened over the years before them, proclaimning their current version as being the original, and it was somewhat original, an American-Latin original, yes! ... first to do it, usually no. This blending has been going on for many years and is not just confined to salsa, this integration process overall dilutes the latin dance form, but at times may be truly great!.

       It is funny to watch them do signature dance steps from other dances and claim it as innovative latin dancing. If it looks like another dance form/step ... it is. In the current Salsa craze (1990's and up), Salseros, eager to be the next star are polluting the dance with even more non Latin dancing integrations that just breaks the flow of the whole dance, just to do that Over the shoulder flip or that thru the legs slide, or the moon walk, and the females doing the same movement (such as a body-wave) 15-30 times over and over in the same 3 minute dance trying to become known for it. However there are some great male and female latin dancers out there doing truly amazing rhythmic feet rhythms, body movements and choreography that sizzles and flows with the music as well who have "real Style" rather than "tricks," and yes, you know who they are when you see them.

       'Latin Mambo' (see mambo) basically breaks on count "Two" and 'Salsa Mambo' breaks on count "One," mainly because the untrained dancer wants to start on the first beat rather than the more difficult second beat ... as well as the first beat being much easier to teach (plus here in the USA ... all of our dances start on count 'One' not count 'Two'.) This causes many to be lead to believe it makes no difference which beat to start, but it does. However, whatever beat you decide to use can be just as fun as the other.

       Casino Rueda (salsa in the round), is a form of a group round dance, where as the dance is done as a group, forming a circle. Instead of using a caller, one or more people participating in the dance will usually call out the figures, which the whole group will execute at the same time, sometimes a changing or swapping (called Stealing) of partners will take place during the course of the dance.

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Combination of places Varies (see individual pages) Varies by country Afro-Cuban
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music Titles

Besame 1903 - Fontella Cuban Dance
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Arthur Murray Taught Me Dancing in a Hurry
Bolero 1910's - Porto-Rico
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Blues Mambo - Sonny Thompson 1951
Cha Cha Boom Bolero
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Celina - Miguelit Valdes (Mambo scenes)
Chita Rivera La Conga
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Charanga - (Orquesta Aragon II)
Dancing The Bolero La Rumba (Tango)
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom (Prado)
Mambo Cha-Cha-Cha Video Clip not available at this time Copacabana
Mambo Kings Jephte (Latin Oratorio) by Carissimi Video Clip not available at this time Cuban Mambo (Cugat)
Mambo Madness   Video Clip not available at this time Cuban Pete
Mambo Quartette (Roberto Garcia)   Video Clip not available at this time Cubana Bop
Rumba Caliente  
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Dumbayamo (Harry James & Desi Arnaz)
Tango Aregentino   Video Clip not available at this time El Triste
    Video Clip not available at this time Girl from Impanema
   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
La Cucaracha (los Diablos) 1950
   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Las Clases del Cha Cha Cha - (Orquesta Aragon)
    Video Clip not available at this time Malaguena
   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Mambo # 5 (Perez Prado)
    Video Clip not available at this time Mi Charangita
    Video Clip not available at this time Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps
   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Sambia (Machito)
    Video Clip not available at this time Siboney
 

 

Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Cañandonga - Son Cubano (Trio Diaz)
    Video Clip not available at this time South American Way
    Video Clip not available at this time Speak Up Mambo
 

Night Clubs

Latin Dance Exercise DVD's

Locations

Casino De Paris (France) Crunch: Fat Blaster Goes Latin [DVD] Brazil
Chasen's Kathy Smith's Latin Rhythm Workout [DVD] Costa Rico
Dos Hermanos (Havana) Latin Grooves: Latin Dance Workout [DVD] Crete
El Morrocco Richard Simmon's: Latin Blast-Off [DVD] Florida
Faraon Night Club (Cuba) Viva! Latin Rhythm Workout [DVD] Haiti
Kursaals Club (Havana)   Havana, Cuba
La Conga Club

Instructional DVD's

Mexico
La Frita Club (Havana) Lane's Complete Guide to Latin Dancing [DVD] Puerto Rico
Latin Quarter Latin 1 - Advanced Level [DVD] Rio de Janero
Montmarte Ballroom (Cuba) Latin 1 - Intermediate [DVD] USA
Moulin Rouge (Panama Canal) Latin 2 - Advanced [DVD]      
Nacional Hotel (Cuba) Latin 2 - Beginning Level [DVD]

Theaters

Palais Royal Latin 2 - Intermediate Level [DVD] n/a
Palladium (NY) Latin Dancing & Argentine Tango [DVD]      
Rumba Room Latin Dancing for Advanced [DVD]      
San Souci (Havana) Latin Dancing for Beginners [DVD]      
Savoy Ballroom (NY) Latin Style & Technique for Ladies [DVD]      
Ubangi Club (NY) Mason's Latin Dancing: Intermediate [DVD]      
Versailles Hotel Santo's & Lee: Latin Dancing [DVD]      
Zebra Room (LA) Sizzling Latin 1 [DVD]      
 
Video Clips (pop-up)

Latin Dance Related Films / Movies and clips!

Video Clip not available at this time 1914 - In The Latin Quarter Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Cuban Pete
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1952 - Cuando los hijos pecan
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1926 - La Fiesta (Cansino's) Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Holiday in Mexico [DVD] (Cugat)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1952 - The Hot Rumba
Video Clip not available at this time 1929 - Mexicana (Cugat)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1946 - La reina del trópico (Pons)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1952 - MambO (Short)
Video Clip not available at this time 1929 - Quartier latin Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Latin Quarter Video Clip not available at this time 1954 - Mambo!
Video Clip not available at this time 1934 - La Cucaracha (RKO Short)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1946 - Smoke in The Eyes (Meche Barba) Video Clip not available at this time 1955 - Chicago Syndicate (Cuban Mambo song)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Dante's Inferno (Rita Hayworth) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1947 - El amor de mi bohío
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1955 - Love and Sin (Ninón Sevilla)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - In Caliente Video Clip not available at this time 1947 - Jitterumba
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1955 - Tin Tan in Havana (Tangolele)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Under The Pampas Moon
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1948 - Cortesana (Meche Barba)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1957 - Mambo Girl (Grace Chang) Cha Cha
Video Clip not available at this time 1937 - Let's Go Latin
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1949 - El Rey del Barrio (Tangolele) Video Clip not available at this time 1959 - Girls of the Latin Quarter
Video Clip not available at this time 1938 - Latin Hi-Hattin
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1949 - The Fallen Angel(Matancera) Video Clip not available at this time 1959 - Girls for the Mambo-Bar
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - Quartier latin
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1949 - Holiday in Havana (Arnaz)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1962 - Las Hijas del amapolo
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - Rhumba Rhythm at Hollywood La Conga
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1949 - Perdida (Ninón Sevilla) Video Clip not available at this time 1963 - La Salsa de la vida
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1940 - Down Argentine Way Video Clip not available at this time 1949 - Rhythm of the Mambo (Short, TV) Video Clip not available at this time 1976 - Salsa (Arnaz)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1940 - Too Many Girls (Desi and Miller)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - Al son del mambo (Aguilar) Video Clip not available at this time 1987 - La Rumba
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Blondie Goes Latin [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - Mambo Queen (Pons) Video Clip not available at this time 1988 - Salsa! [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1941 - Cuban Rhythm Video Clip not available at this time 1950 - Nancy Goes to Rio [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 1992 - Mambo Kings [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Hellzapoppin' (Conga)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950's - Tongolele y Tin Tan (Tangolele)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1994 - The Mask
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Two Faced Woman (Garbo/Ameche) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - Pobre Corazón (Mambo) Video Clip not available at this time 1998 - Dance With Me [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1941 - Two Latins from Manhattan
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - Simbad el Mareado    
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Saludo Amigos (Joe Carioca Cartoon) Video Clip not available at this time 1951 - Del can-can al mambo
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Afro-Cuban Rhythms (Fina Lopez) Burlesque Short
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Springtime in the Rockies [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1951 - El gavilán pollero (Mambo)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
el Baile del Tornillo (Machito)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1943 - Konga Rojo (Babalu) Video Clip not available at this time 1951 - Locuras, tiros y mambos
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Pachuco Bailarin (Perez Prado)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1943 - Tica Ti - Tica Ta (Mercer Brothers)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1951 - Una gallega baila mambo
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Sun Sun Babae (Mario Bauza)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1946 - Easy To Wed    
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Tin Tan Bailando 'Me Lo Dijo Adela' y 'Charleston
Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - The Heats is On (Cugat)      

 

 
Video Clips (pop-up)

Television

Ballets / Stage

Video Clip not available at this time 1955 - Mambo Mambo 1939 - Streets of Paris (Miranda)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1957 - Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour aka I Love Lucy (Lady In Red) 1940 - Panama Hattie
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
195? - I Love Lucy - Cuban Pete and Sally Sweet 1942 - Latin Quarter
Video Clip not available at this time 1957 - Xavier Cugat Show 1942 - Priorities of 1942 ???
Video Clip not available at this time 1958 - Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse Rumba, poetry and song (Rosa Carmino)
Video Clip not available at this time 1984 - Routes of Rhythm 1958 - La Plume de Ma Tante
Video Clip not available at this time 1996 - Salsa e Merengue 1959 - West Side Story
Video Clip not available at this time 1999 - The Latin Beat 1983 - Latin Quarter
Video Clip not available at this time 2001 - Salsa

Publications

Video Clip not available at this time 2002 - Palladium: Where Mambo was King 4/4/1938 - Life Magazine
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Havana Club Commercial 9/22/1941 - Life Magazine
    1950s - Ecran Magazine
    1960s - Rincon Juvenil Magazine
    1960S - Ritmo Magazine
 

Other

$ Ballroom Dance American Style:
  Foods of Latin America (VHS) $ Culture and Dance in Latin America
    $ Folk Dances of Latin America
    $ Latin-American Dance Book
    $ Latin and American dances
    $ Social, Swing & Latin Thing: Social Dance
    $ Teach Yourself Latin American Dance
     
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Bachata Charanga Jota Mexican Hat Dance Samba
Bambuca Cumbia La Comparsa (Native dance) Mexican Jumping Bean Dance ? (Clip) Son (Danzon)
Bolero Dirty Dancing! La Conga Mexsomba Spanish Dances
Bossa Nova Fandango La Cucaracha (Clip) Pachanga Tango
Calypso Flamenco Lambada Pachanga Cha The Twist
Carioca Guaracha Mambo Pambiche Zembra
Cha Cha Hustle! Maxixe Paso Doble Zouk
Chacona Jaleo Mesemba Rumba  
Chalypso Jive Merenque Salsa  
 

Historic Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Amalia Aguilar Juan Garcia Orol 1897-5/26/1988 (w/ Jiménez) (Clip) n/a
Andy Bascus (Palladium) Lilia Prado (3/20/1928-5/22/2006)  
Augie and Margo Maria Anonieta Pons  
Carmen Miranda Mercedes (Meche) Barba  
Ceaser Romero Mujeron Rolo  
Chita Rivera Ninon Sevilla  
Cuban Pete Rita Hayworth  
Cansino's, the Rita Moreno  
Cantinflas Rosa Carmina  
Cha Cha Taps, the Rosita Quintana  
Deloris Del Rio "Springs" Adalberto Martinez Chavez (1/25/1916-4/4/2003)  
Dollie Sisters, the Tangolele  
Gower Champion Teddy Hill  
Greta Garbo Tin Tan  
Jeanne Tyler Veloz and Yolanda  
'Killer Joe' Piro (Palladium) Yadira Jiménez (w/ Orol)  
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date Published

Publisher

Latin-American Dancing Borrows, Frank 1961 Frederick Muller Limited
Official Guide to Latin Dancing Dow, Allen
1980 Chartwell Books
 

Latin Musicians

Artists / Singers

Poets / Writers

Benny Moré Celia Cruz Jenifer Lopez n/a
Cal Tjader Celina Gonzalez Roberto Garcia    
Candido Fernandez (Cuba) Selena    
Dámaso Pérez Prado (1916-1989)   Tona La Negra    
Desi Arnaz (1917-1986)        
Esquivel        
Giacomo Carissimi (1605-1674)        
Joe Quijano        
Johnny Pacheco        
Mario Bauza (1911-7/11/1993)        
Mongo Santamaria        
Patato Valdez        
Raúl 'Machito' Gutiérrez Grillo (12/3/1909-4/15/1984)        
Rene Bloch        
Rene Touzet        
Santana        
Selena (Selena Remembered: VHS)        
Tito Puente (1923-2000)        
Tito Rodriguez        
Xavier Cugat (1900-1999)        
         
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Bailar Cumbia Maracas Rhumba / Rumba
Bailes Guapacha Modina's Salsa
Clave Mambo Mulatto Shoeing The Mare
Contradanza Tropico del cine mexicano    
 

Other...

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