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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Landler
Austrian Landler Viennese Waltz dancers photo
Landler  dance history origins  Title

           The Landler or Ländler is a Austrian dance, which has no certain birthdate but evolved as a type of Folk dance known under different names, until it was finally called the 'Landl ob der Enns' which was shortened to Landler, Ländler or Ländl sometime around 1690 and gained popularity around 1720. The origins of the word Ländler comes from the word "Land" (country), a dance "coming from the country-side" in opposite to dances from the court or city, also signifying the state of Upper Austria (Oberösterreich) and the adjoining Styria (Steiermark).

      At this time dances were often choreographed from dance-masters at royal courts and were then mimicked by the people. Elements of "folk-dances" then were reused by dance-masters, so there was a steady exchange of dances and styles. The Landler was furthermore a dance were closer body-contact between men and women was necessary, in comparison to Menuett (Minuet), Circle-dances, etc. and therefore seen as too erotic and lusty and the authorities and the church tried to restrict or forbid dancing, especially dances like this.

    People who moved to Vienna brought with them the Landler from these regions and developed faster dancing of the Landler-steps, due to the new smoother dance floors and better shoes for dancing (relegation of Hobnailed shoes) which we know nowadays under the title of "Viennese Waltz".

      Due to emigration Landlers were taken to different areas like Deutsch??Mokra (today Ukraine), or Siebenbuergen (Neppendorfer Landler,) ... which were at this time part of the Austra-Hungarian Monarchy. The overall name of those emigrated people today is "Landler" with many variations to the dance in their respective regions/ provinces. The Ländler was one of the smoothest and fastest dances known at the time but is moderately slow today.

      The Landler at one time consisted of much turning and gliding, mime and said ... but no longer done a kissing of the partners. A type of folk dance in which couples were arranged in sets or faced one another in a line and has been written that the couples would break away and the man would dance solo (er, as a couple) later to return together and finish dancing as a group.

     A typical characteristic for the Landler today is that it is
A) a typical couples dance (usually open position) and ...
B) includes a lot of rather sophisticated "arm-tying" (known as "wickeln") and turning. Also in many Landlers the boys step into the middle of the circle and sing (funny & erotic short songs) and clap ("paschen"). Landler can be very wild and fast (e.g. Untersteirer Landler), but also rather slow (e.g. Stoahauser Landler).

      The Ländler is said to be a forerunner of the Waltz. It became very popular during the 1790-1800 period. The Landler is also known as the Hospur. In Frankfurt, Germany in 1770, the Parisian Strassburger dance or Strassbourgeoise was very close to the Ländler. Giacomo Cassanova (1725-1798) was said to enjoy dancing the Landler very much.

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

upper Austria pre 1690's Evolved Folk/Country/ Waltz
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music preview clip

Music Titles

n/a n/a Video Clip not available at this time Bayerische Landler
    Video Clip not available at this time Brünnstoa (Landler)
    Video Clip not available at this time Grafenherberg (Landler)
    Video Clip not available at this time Nussbaumeck (Landler)
   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Oberösterreicher Marsch (Krammerer)
    Video Clip not available at this time Sedici Landler
           
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
The Ländler (Sound of Music)
            Video Clip not available at this time Vogelsang (Landler)
 

Night Clubs, etc

Theaters

Locations

Astor House n/a Breman
            Upper Austria
            Vienna
            Ziller valley
 

Films / Movies

Television

Ballets / Stage

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
The Sound of Music (in french) n/a n/a
           
           
         

Publications

          n/a
               
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Ari Viennesi (folk) Drekkar Minuet Round Dances Viennese Waltz
Arie Styriache (folk) Fuhrungen Polka Schottische Waltz
Cotillion La Volte Polonaise Square dance Walzen /Walzer
Dreher Lancers Quadrilles Strassburger Weller
Drehtanz Mazurka Quaternaria Valse Westphalia
         

Various Landlers over time...

Alter Landler Hospur (aka) Landler aus Pöggstall Niederbairischer Landler Zillertaler Landler (link)
Ausseer Landler Innviertler Zettellandler Landleraus Schönbach Untersteirer Landler  
Blindenmarkter Landler Ischler Landler Lembacher Landler Vitiser Landler  
FeistritzerLandler Ispertaler Landler Neppendorfer Landler Ybbser Landler  
(Click this link for many dance home made dance clips of some of the above dances)
 

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Giacomo Cassanova n/a Charles VI (1648-1640)
    Ferdinand III (1637-57)
    Leopold I (1658-1705)
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date Published

Publisher

World History Of Dance Sachs, Curt 1937 Norton & Company
Dance Encyclopedia Chujoy, Anatole 1949 A.S. Barnes
                       
 

Musicians

Artists

Poets / Writers

Giuliani, Mauro (1781-1829) Benozzo Gozzoli (Landler) Lenau
Handel, George Frideric (1685-1759) Jost Amman (dreher)  
Schubert, Franz (1797-1828) Virgil Solis    
Strauss, Johann II (1825-1899)      
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

After Dance Landla Rhein Gau Square Dance
Austrian folk dancing Minstrels Round Dances Stately
Country Dance Peasant Schaim Versailles
Courtly Laendler    
 

Other...

Special Thanks to Mario Herger for specific Landler information.
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