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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Jitterbug
Jitterbug Dancers - Vogue Magazine - origins of the Jitterbug old vintage history
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The Jitterbug dance and term origins History page

       What a strange but unique name - The Jitterbug! Nearly all people attribute Cab Calloway (1907-1994) as coining the term. However, he was not the one. As you will see, Harry Alexander White (b.6/1/1898) who was also known as "Father White" by his peers coined the term "Jitterbug." White was a trombonist, drummer and arranger on the "Keith Circuit" in 1914 as well as working with Duke Ellington (1899-1974) and Elmer Snowden, later White, would work with the renowned Cab Calloway.

       Calloway's trumpeter, Edwin Swayzee, overheard Mr. White using the term "Jitterbug," which apparently was unheard of during this period. Swayzee wrote the song entitled "The Jitterbug" for Cab Calloway after hearing White's use of the word. Calloway recorded the song in January 1934, which made it a household name. Sooo,,,, White coined it, Swayzee used it, and Calloway made it famous.

Incidentally, the very first song written for the movie "Wizard of Oz" (1938) was the song titled "Jitterbug" as well. (July/1938 Keen Magazine.)

Jazz lingo (Jive Speak) played an important part as well (Daddy-O, Icky, Ickies, Reefer man, Jive, Hep-Cat, etc.) and was big during the Jazz era. Here are some of its stories:

  1. One description is that it meant a man or women, suffering from alcoholic or drug nerves.
  2. Another story has Jitterbug associated to the English word "Bugger or Bugging" (a sexual act,) and was used to characterize someone suffering from Syphilis.
  3. Another is of racial nonsense (resembling the preceding) was used to characterize a man or woman, who was sexually active with a dissimilar race (Black and White,) and/or who had the "Jitters from Drugs, Alcohol or Syphilis and was "bugging" them ... "a Jitterbugger!"
  4. Some of the stories were comical, such as; the dancers looked like jitterbugs ... (?) because they bounced, hopped.So, whatever the original intent of the word may have been, it is now, to be known as a dance.

There were distinct forms of Lindy and Shag already being done at such places as the Savoy Ballroom. Today, the Jitterbug as a dance, is also known as: Hollywood Style, Lindy Hop, East Coast Swing, West Coast Swing, Push, Whip, Jive, Shag, New Yorker, Bop, Ceroc, Leroc, Rock and Roll etc. Jitterbug was a slang or umbrella term for what we call "Swing dancing" today with the term Jitterbug initially enveloping all styles of swing. Depending on what City or State you came from and what year you may have danced. Each variant of swing that was danced was called the Jitterbug at one time or another. Today some people are trying to maintain it is only "Single or double rhythm East Coast swing" (Well ... yes it was!, as well as all the other forms mentioned above.) The W.W.II and the U.S.O. spread the Jitterbug all over the World.

       Benny Goodman (1909-1986) is credited with establishing the Swing Craze as well as helping make the word jitterbug a household name. Goodman was signed to perform on the "National Biscuit Saturday Night " radio broadcasts in New York. Goodman would perform popular standards during the day for the popular radio hours in New York, but late at night, when New York was asleep, he would play some of his own music. Because of the national time difference, California being three hours behind, many younger Californians did lend an ear.

       During the spring of 1934, RCA-Victor Records Company signed Goodman's Band. That Summer he went on the road and toured the Ballrooms, despite having his own music, he was told to play the standards, as earlier attempts to play his music found much displeasure by the older ballroom dancers. This was to lead to a procession of failures (flops) on his tour, as no one eventually came. Nevertheless, when Goodman hit California, there was about to be a transformation.

             The first successful stop was Sweet's Ballroom in Oakland, Ca. young adults lined up for blocks to hear and dance to Goodman's new music, They Jitterbugged all night long. This was ACTUALLY the first "Un-official" start of the Jitterbug craze and the Big Swing Bands. (Goodman wouldn't believe his success, thought it was some flook.) Descending the coast to his next and final, would be a permanent stop he thought on his tour was in Los Angeles at the "Palomar Ballroom." This would become the first "Officially recorded start of the Jitterbug" and Swing Bands.

       Originally, before his successfulness at Sweets ballroom, the Palomar Ballroom was to be the final stop of Goodman's tour (as well as to be their final gig, forever, due to all his previous touring failures.) The show at the Palomar was jammed with young adults that were listening to Goodman's prior New York broadcast's on the radio, due to the earlier time frame between New York and California, the young adults on the East Coast didn't listen to his music. Benny Goodman became a TREMENDOUS sensation at the Palomar (to his surprise); these 'West Coast kids' and adults were jitterbugging all night long and loving it. The newspapers loved it as well and reported on the "jitterbugging" done at the Palomar.

       From there, Goodman went on to Chicago (another success,) then finally arriving back in New York, where he formerly had his first dismal turnout but not now, after the Palomar on this "would be" famous tour. In the summer of 1936, the Paramount Theater in New York, on hearing of his achievement in California, hired his band to play. Goodman's West Coast success prior at the Palomar and was rivaled only by New York's Paramount Theater as the kids were now again "Jitterbugging in the Isles." The newspapers reported on his band's success and about the dancing. Again, the reporters used the term "Jitterbug" in their columns and the term "Jitterbug," after that day, publicly was here forever.

So if you "Swing Dance," whatever style it may be, YOU are a Jitterbug, "Believe it or Not!"

    Many folks ask what style of swing (Jitterbug) is best, West Coast, East Coast, Whip, Push, Lindy, Shag etc. However, there is no best style. The best style would depend on what type of music you are dancing to at the time, Geographies, the theme of the dance being held, the speed in which the music is played and the dance knowledge of you and or your partner. If you're partner only knows one style of swing, then their style would be the best style to dance with them at that time. If they only know one style they usually will declare that the style they know is the best style above all others and usually will make derogatory statements for many varied reasons.

       Swing (Jitterbug) is a wonderful dance form in all it's versions that fits all types of music, personalities, finances etc. Calling yourself a swing dancer means you can at least do the basics in many forms of swing and a few well. So learn to swing dance whatever style, you're unique and your dances should be varied and your style should represent your knowledge of dance that other, newer dancers (and they are the majority) don't possess, not limited to only one. However you will eventually find you like them all and soon you will understand the importance of them all as well as understand why there are different styles to begin with. So enjoy them and mainly smile, laugh and have fun.

NOTE:
1) According to Arthur Murray in his book "Down Memory Lane," The closest circumstance to the Lindy or Jitterbug in the 18th century was the Allemande.


Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

USA 1931/2 Whites Lindy Hoppers Swing Dance / Folk
       

Zoot Suit Film  (VHS)
Black Thunder Swing Poster Series
Order Swing Kids  (VHS)
Norma Miller's Swingin' at the Savoy  (Book)
How to do those 1940's Hairstyles  (Book)

Sheet Music Covers

Music preview clip

Various Swing Music Titles

1917 - Aunt Jemima Slide Video Clip not available at this time A Gate and his Mate
1927 - The Breakaway Video Clip not available at this time All In Favor Of Swing, Say Aye!
Boomps-a-Daisy Video Clip not available at this time At The Hop [MP3] (Danny & the Jr's.)
Jitterbug Jump Video Clip not available at this time Be Bop a Lula [MP3] (Vincent)
Truckin' Video Clip not available at this time Boogie-Woogie Bugle Boy [MP3] (Andrew Sisters)
...See Full Song Title List Video Clip not available at this time Caledonia

Swing Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Country Jitterbug (Horace Goodwin)
Black Thunder Swing Video Clip not available at this time Doing The Jitterbug (Louis Jordon)
Cabin in the Sky (Swing Movie) Video Clip not available at this time Giddy-Bug Galop (Ellington)
Chick Webb and Ella Savoy (Swing) Video Clip not available at this time Houston
Daddy-O (Swing Movie) Video Clip not available at this time In The Mood [MP3] (Miller)
Groovie Movie (Swing Movie) Video Clip not available at this time Jitterbug [MP3] (Calloway)
Hellzapoppin' (Swing Movie Poster) 2
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Jitterbug Jamboree (Luther Bond 1963)
HI-DE-HO (Cab Calloway) Video Clip not available at this time Jitterbug Jeep
Hot Mikado (Swing Play) Video Clip not available at this time Jungle Jitters ?
Juke Girl (Swing Movie)   
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Jitterbug Bite (Lucille Ball)
Keep Punchin' (Swing Movie)    Video Clip not available at this time Jitterbug Jump
Micheux Swing (Swing Art Print)
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
Jitterbug's Lullaby - Andrews Sisters (Ellington 1938)
Prisoner Of Swing (Swing Movie)    Video Clip not available at this time Jitterbug Waltz [MP3] (Non Swing)
Private Buckeroo (Swing Movie)    Video Clip not available at this time Jitterbug Swing [MP3]
Rock, Rock, Rock (ECS Swing Movie) Video Clip not available at this time Pennsylvania 6500 [MP3] (Miller)
Stormy Weather (Bojangles, Horne) Video Clip not available at this time Rock Around The Clock [MP3] (Haley)
The Girl Can't Help It (Swing Movie)    Video Clip not available at this time Sing, Sing, Sing [MP3]
  Video Clip not available at this time Stompin' At The Savoy [MP3] (Goodman)

Instructional Videos, Books etc

Video Clip not available at this time Stompin' the Bug
Sonny Watson's Video Series [DVD] (ECS Retro, WCS, Hustle & more) Video Clip not available at this time Wake Me Up (I wanna Jitterbug)
Let's Dance!: Learn to Swing, Jitterbug [Book] Video Clip not available at this time When the Jitterbug Bites [MP3] (Joe Turley)
Jitterbug Swing: Beginning Level [DVD]
Video Clip Pop-Up Window
You Don't Bug Me (Terry Daly 1958)
Jitterbug Swing: Advanced Level [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time Zoot Suit Riot [MP3] (Cherry Poppin Daddies)
WoS #2: Boogie Woogie/Adv. East Coast [DVD]   ...See Full: Jitterbug Song Title List
WoS #5: How To Jitterbug [DVD]    
WoS #6: Partner Charleston to Lindy Charleston [DVD]    
     

Music Compilations

   
Jitterbug Jive: Hot Texas Swing 1940-1941 [CD]
   
     

Night Clubs

Theaters

Locations / Contests etc

~ Majority of Dance Nightclubs Paramount Theatre 1939 - Int'l Jitterbug Convention (L.A. Coliseum)
Borston's - (Los Angeles, CA)       1939 - Worlds Championships (Miami, FL.)
Cinderella Ballroom - (Los Angeles, CA)       Harvest Moon Ball (New York, Chicago & Los Angeles)
La Monica Ballroom - (Santa Monica, CA)       The U.S.O.
Palomar Ballroom - (L.A., CA)        
Prelude, the - (No. Hollywood, CA)        
Rag Doll - (No. Hollywood, CA.)        
Renaissance Ballroom - (NY)        
Savoy Ballroom - (Harlem, NY)        
Sweets Ballroom- (Oakland, CA.)        

Various SWING Dance FILMS / MOVIES

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Cab Calloway's Jitterbug Party        
Video Clip not available at this time 8/26/1937 - Fox Movietone #19/100 - Jitterbug Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Give Out, Sisters (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Movietone News [9/6]
Video Clip not available at this time 1937 - A Day At The Races
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Glen Grays Casa Loma Orchestra Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - World Series of the Dance
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1938 - It's in the Stars
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Miss Annie Rooney (Shirley Temple)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1947 - Love Laughs at Andy Hardy
Video Clip not available at this time 1938 - Old Boston A-Jive with Jitterbugs [Paramount]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Outline of Jitterbug History (Whitey's) Video Clip not available at this time 1947 - Juke Joint (Jitterbug Johnnies)
   
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Powers Girl (Collins) Video Clip not available at this time 1949 - Be Bop [French: Paramount News]
Video Clip not available at this time 1938 - Woody Herman and His Orchestra [Vitaphone] Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Private Buckaroo [DVD](Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time 1949 - Harvest Moon Ball [Pathe News]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Blondie Meets the Boss
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Tabby the Cat (Collins) Video Clip not available at this time 1949 - Jitterbug Jamboree [Pathe News]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - I'm Just a Jitterbug (Lantz Cartoon) Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - True to the Army (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Univ.
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - Jitterbug Jive (Popeye)
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - It's Swing Ho - Come to the Fair [Paramount] Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Trumpet Serenade (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time $ 1950 - Summer Stock [DVD] (East Coast Swing)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Jitterbug Follies (Gross Cartoon) Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - What's Cookin' (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time 1952 - Hamburg Gets The Jitters [Paramount]
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - Jitterbug Knights (Marcus Cartoon) Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - Cabin in the Sky (Leon James) Video Clip not available at this time 1953 - Glenn Miller Story
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Jitterbug Mania (Cincinnati Contest 2nd scene)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1943 - Don't Get Around Much (Lina Romay)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1954 - Living It Up! (Lewis/North)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Let's Make Music (Collins & Bertha) Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - Heats on Again, the (Three Heat Waves)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1956 - Don't Knock The Rock
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - Readin', Ritten', Rhythm Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - Jitterbugs (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time 1956 - Rock Around The Clock
Video Clip not available at this time 1939 - Sophomore Swing [Broadway Brevity]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1943 - Maharaja (Hal & Betty Takier) Video Clip not available at this time 1956 - Rock, Rock, Rock
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Vitaphone Public Jitterbug #1 Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - Stormy Weather [DVD] Video Clip not available at this time 1956 - The Girl Can't Help It
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1939 - Wizard of Oz deleted Jitterbug Scene Video Clip not available at this time 1943 - The Sky's The Limit [DVD] (WCS) Video Clip not available at this time 1957 - Carnival Rock
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - Jitterbug Jamboree [Hearst-Pathe] Video Clip not available at this time 1944 - Australian Jitterbugs Jitter [Paramount]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1957 - Unruly Generation (aka Kuriton sukupolvi)
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - Jittering Jitterbugs Video Clip not available at this time 1944 - Canterville Ghost Video Clip not available at this time 1961 - West Side Story [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - La Conga Nights (Moore / O'Keefe)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Fighting Sea bees (John Wayne) Video Clip not available at this time 1979 - 1941 Movie
Video Clip not available at this time 1940 - Little Mothers
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Ghost Catchers
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1980's - Mr Duck Steps Out (Donald Duck)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1940 - Mad Youth
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Groovie Movie Video Clip not available at this time 1981 - Zoot Suit [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1941 - Among the Living Video Clip not available at this time 1944 - Jamming' the Blues [Savage & Bryant] Video Clip not available at this time 1989 - Limit Up! [DVD] (WCS)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Chool Song
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Juke Box Joes Video Clip not available at this time 1991 - Sleeping With The Enemy [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Dance Hall
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Swing Fever Video Clip not available at this time 1993 - Swing Kids [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1941 - Four Jacks and a Jill [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Zoot Cat, the (Cartoon) Video Clip not available at this time 1994 - Swing, Swing, Swing [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Hellzapoppin' Video Clip not available at this time 1945 - I Live In Grosvenor Square (Anna Neagle) Video Clip not available at this time 1996 - Swingers [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1941 - Jitterbug Jamboree [Pathe News] Video Clip not available at this time 1945 - I'll Remember April Video Clip not available at this time The History of Rock 'n' Roll Set [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Bugs Bunny Gets the Boid
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1945 - Juinor Prom (Collins) Video Clip not available at this time History of R&R: Good Rockin' Tonight [DVD]
Video Clip not available at this time 3/17/1942 - Fox Movietone (USO dancers)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1945 - Sensations of 1945 Video Clip not available at this time At The Jazz Band Ball (Breakaway : Shorty George)
Video Clip not available at this time 1942 - Get Hip to Love (Jivin' Jacks and Jill's) Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Boogiemania (Bangs and Reese) Video Clip not available at this time 1930-39 - 20th Century News Reel (32:10)
    Video Clip not available at this time 1946 - Boy What a Girl (Maniacs & Int'l Jtrbgs)    
View Post For a more complete and up to date Swing Films List: ... Click Here!

Ballets / Stage

 

Television

Publications

Hellzapoppin' (1939 Play) Video Clip not available at this time 1953 - Ford 50th Anniversary #2 7/1938 - Keen Magazine
Hot Mikado [1939] Video Clip not available at this time 12/31/1971 - Welk's New Years. Eve Party 1/1939 - Metronome
Life Begins at 8:40 Video Clip not available at this time National Geographic "Jitterbug" 4/1939 - Silver Screen Mag
Swing 99 [1999]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
I Love Lucy - (Lucy and Arthur Walsh Jitterbug) 8/1939 - Screen Guide
Swingin' the Dream [1939]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
The Cosby Show - S1 Ep16 - Jitterbug Break 2/28/1939 - Look Magazine
 
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Judy Garland Show - Wiz of Oz scene remake 6/1939 - Esquire Magazine
 
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
Charles In Charge (ep7, season 3) 10/30/1939 - Life Magazine
 
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
I Married Joan S1-04 "Jitterbug" 11/05/1952 1941 - Colliers Magazine
      1942 - Swing Fever Jitterbug (McKenzie)
      9/1943 - Dance Magazine
      5/1952 - Pix Magazine
      5/1955 - Span Magazine

Other Related Dances of the time...

Aggie Swing (Cowboy) Boomps a Daisy Country Swing (ECS) Jive Shim Sham Shimmy
Al Smith Hop Bop, the Cowboy Swing (Rodeo) Latin Dance Shimmy
Apache Dance Break-A-Way Creep, the Leroc Shorty George
Apple Jacks Breakdown Eagle Rock Lindy Hop Slo Dance
Aunt Jemima Slide Bug, The East Coast Swing Mess Around Slop, the
Bamboula Buzzard Lope European R&R Modern Jive Sophisticated Swing
Balboa Cakewalk Fox Trot Mooch and Sugar Stroll, the
Ballin' The Jack Carolina Shag Funky Butt New Yorker Suzy Q
Baltimore Buzz Champion Strut Georgia Grind Pony Swing Tap Dance
Big Apple, the Charleston Hollywood Style Push (Texas) Texas Tommy
Black Bottom Ceroc Hustle Rock and Roll Truckin'
Boll Weevil Collegiate Dances Jig Walk, Jig Trot Rodeo Swing (Aggie) Waltz
Boogie-Woogie Collegiate Shag Jitterbug Savoy Style West Coast Swing
    Jitter Hop, the Shag Whip (Houston)

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Dance Groups

Political

Al Minns Jack Carey Cornell's International Jitterbugs Al Smith (1873-1944)
Ann Cornell (Int'l Jitterbugs) Jean Veloz Jitterbug Johnnies, the (50s) Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974)
Ann Johnson Jewel McGowen Jivin' Jack and Jill's (40s) Mayor Legaurdia (N.Y.)
Barbara Kent Kenny Wetzel Jungle Jivesters   
Betty Grable 'Killer Joe' Piro Ozzy Malone Swingers (40s)  
Betty Hutton Leon James Ray Rand Swingers (50s)  
Chazz Chase Lou Southern Savoy Lindy Hoppers(30s)  
Dean Collins Maxie Dorf 'Shorty' George Snowden Trio (30s)  
Dick Humphreys Norma Miller Whitey's Lindy Hoppers (30s)  
Dot Johnson Patti Lacey    
Frankie Manning  Pepsi Bethel    
Gil and Nikki Brady Rabbit Taylor    
Hal & Honey Abbott Ray Hirsch    
Hal Leroy Roy Damron    
Helen Bangs & Albert Reese James      

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Published

Publisher

The Police Gazette Magazine Article 11/1940 n/a
Click Magazine Magazine Article 5/1941 n/a
$ How to Jitterbug Pierce & Kelly Buckwalter 1986 St. Martin's Press
$ Jitterbug Swing: Beginners Handbook Kersten, John 1990 Stumble Bum Press
Swingin' at the The Savoy Norma Miller 1996 n/a

Various Jitterbug Musicians

Jitterbug Singers

Poets / Writers

Benny Goodman (1909-1986) Andrew Sisters (c.1940s) n/a
Bill Haley (1925-1981) Ella Fitzgerald (1917-1996)  
Bob Wills (1905-1975) Elvis Presley (Rock and Roll)    
Bunny Berigan (1908-1942) Fats Waller (Boogie)    
Chick Webb (1909 - 1939) Little Richard (c.1950s)    
Count Basie (1904-1984)        
Danny and the Juniors (c.1950s)        
Duke Ellington (1899-1974)        
Elvis Presley (1935-1977)        
Fats Domino (b.1928)        
Fats Waller (1904-1943)        
Glenn Miller (1904-1944)        
Louis Jordon (1908-1975)        
Tommy Dorsey (1905-1956)        

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Acrobatics Harlem Modern Dances Savoy
Argile Socks Harvest Moon Ball Peddle Pusher Pants Tap
Big Band Jass Penny Loafers The Track
Blues Jazz Pony Tail Worlds Fair
Boogie-Woogie Juke Joints / Juke Boxes Renaissance Zoot Suit (also Riots)
Charleston Leather Jackets Riots    

(Please! Don't use drugs and drink responsibly.)

Other...

  • Basic Step: 4/4 ... using triples rather than double or single rhythms.
    (Leader starts left foot, Follower starts with right foot, can be in closed or open body position)
  • the 6 count:
    Walk (or 'Rock' Back) - Step Forward --- Step Three Times --- Step Three Times
    Count: 1-2---3&4---5&6 (8 steps - 6 beats)
    Note: These Counts can be and are reversed in other styles of (i.e.=123-123-1-2 instead of 1-2-123-123)

  • the 8 Count:
    Walk (or rock Back) - Walk Forward --- Step Three Times --- ROTATING Walk-Walk --- Step Three Times
    Count: 1-2---3&4 -5-6---7&8 (10 steps - 8 beats)
    or can be reversed: 1&2---3-4---5&6---7-8
  • Note: a 'Rock' is usually a walk step backwards, keeping the heel up off floor... ready to go forward on opposite foot (Rock-step ie: Rock Back on 1 foot then Forward on the other)