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Streetswings Dance History Archives: The Jaleo
John Singer Sargenta's Famous Painting  titled "El Jaleo"
The Jaleo or Chufla

         The Spanish dance was one of the finest dances done before or today along with Ballet and all the Contemporary dances. This Spanish dance documentation goes way back to the Hellenic period (550 B.C.).

   The Spanish Jaleo (also called Chufla) was usually danced impromptu by a supple, agile gypsy with castanets, to a guitar accompaniment and the haunting notes of an ancient love song. The Jaleo was always danced by a woman and was the veritable expression of the Spanish Gypsy soul. The female dancer bounds, darted, swayed, wheels and invites. In El Jaleo was passion and ecstasy. In Flamenco the Jaleo denotes encouragement of the dancers and singers along with hand-clapping, shouts of "Ole" as well as various other enthusiastic expressions of approval.

   The Gypsy whirling dance called the Jaleo de Xeres (Jeres) and the Olé were somewhat similar to the Fandango, their charm consisting in their rapid combination of gestures and motions, and were said to be in high favor among the Andalusians. The former is not infrequently introduced in American stage ballets. The Jaleo de Xeres (Jerez) was usually danced impromptu by an agile gypsy with castanets, accompanied by a guitar and the haunting notes of an ancient love song. Danced exclusively by women, the Jaleo was the veritable expression of the Spanish gypsy soul.

The Dance called the Merengue has its roots in the "Jaleo."


Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Spain 550 BC n/a Solo
       

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Jaleo Music Titles and CD's

n/a The Spanish Dancer $ Anda Jaleo (Federico Garcia Lorca)
            Bulerias falsetta (Jaleo Version)
            $ Chufla
            $ Chufla (Montoya)
            $ Flamenco Live (Jaleo)
            Gato Peligroso (Chufla)
            $ Jaleo (Ricky Martin)
            $ Jaleo (Truby Trio)
            $ Jaleo CD (Louis Winsberg)
            Jaleo Falsetta
            Jaleo Pa Las Flamencas
            $ Music of Spanish Romance CD
            $ Salsa para Vientos: Jaleo
            $ Songs Of Spain / De Los Angeles CD
            Venga Jaleo
            y PERO POR ÉSO...NO

Night Clubs

Theaters

Locations

Burrero of Seville M.E.T. - N.Y. Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
Bourgeois House - Seville 1875 - Opera Comique  
Palais de Chaillot (1940s) 1910 - Otero Academy  
Traymore Hotel - Atlantic City    

Video Clips (pop-up)

Movie / Films

Television

Ballets / Stage

Video Clip not available at this time 1898 - Castanet Dance José Greco Flamenco Specials (1967) 1875 - Carmen (Bizet)
Video Clip not available at this time 1901 - Sevillanas Dance       1915 - El Amor Brujo
Video Clip not available at this time 1909 - Spanish Girl, The        
Video Clip not available at this time 1923 - The Spanish Dancer      

Publications

Video Clip not available at this time 1947 - ?Serenata española?       6/26/1910 - Washington Post (Spanish dances)
Video Clip not available at this time 1960 - The Alamo [DVD] (a snippet)       1926 - Mentor Magazine
Video Clip not available at this time Carlos Saura Dance Trilogy Part 1 Carmen [DVD] < Mainly about Flamenco)     12/20/1926 - Middletown Daily Times
Video Clip not available at this time 1983 - Carmen [DVD]       3/28/1931 - Colliers Magazine
Video Clip not available at this time     1/6/1939 - Olean Times-Herald (La Argentinita)
Video Clip not available at this time     2/8/1945 - Life Magazine ("Gypsy Dance")
Video Clip not available at this time     2/9/1949 - Galveston Daily News
Video Clip not available at this time     $ John Singer Sargent's El Jaleo (Volk)

Other Related Dances ...

Alegrias Danza Mora Janda Paso Doble Tango
Bolero Fandanguillo Jota Rumba Gitana Tanguillo
Bulerias Fandango Malaguena (song) Sarabande Taranto
Cachucha Farruca Merengue Sequedillo Zambra
Chica Flamenco Pambiche (Merengue Jaleo) Solea (Soleares) Zapasedo
Chufla Jaleo Andaluz   Spanish Dance Zapateado
        Zorongo

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Amparo Alvarez, "La Campanera" La Meri Phillip Of New Orleans
Antonio Gades Maria Medina-Vigano  
Antonio Tiana Maryelle Krempff  
Aurora Arriaza Pilar Lopez  
Carmalita Maracci Pola Negri  
Carmen Amaya Rita Hayworth  
Carmencita Rosario & Antonio  
Dancing Cansino's Rosita Ortega  
Helene Veola Ruthanna Boris  
Jaleo Flamenco Dance Company Sara Luzita  
La Argentina Teresina  
La Argentinita Thallia Mara  
La Maccarona    

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date Published

Publisher

$ Grammar of the Art of Dancing Zorn, Friedrich Albert 1905 n/a
Mentor Magazine Overton, Grant 12/1926 n/a
$ Dance Encyclopedia Chujoy, Anatole 1949 A.S. Barnes

Musicians

Poets / Writers

Artists

Albeniz, Issac (1860-1909) George Bizet (1838-1875) Gustavo Doré
de Falla, Manual (1876-1946) Charles Davillier (Viaje por España -1862) John S. Sargentä
Gilbert, Ralph        
Lorca, Federico Garcia        

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Agitanado Bailes Cuadro Flamenco (divertissement) Manuela
Bailar Caliphs Folkloric Taconeo
       

Other...

n/a