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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Galliarde
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Galliard or Galliarde (French) was originally known as 'Cing-Pas' (five steps - describes the basic steps) in France as well as the Gagliarde or Gagliarda in Italy.

            The Galliard or Galliarde (French) was originally known as 'Cing-Pas' (five steps - describes the basic steps) in France as well as the Gagliarde or Gagliarda in Italy. The earliest writings of the Gagliarda were in 1480 by Bojardo (1441-1494) in Lombardy (N. Italy) which was probably the original name. The Galliard's name was changed to the "Romanesca" which was supposedly created by dance master R. Omanescain 1588 in the Roman Campagna, it became part of the lively Hautes dances. The Galliard or Romanesque dance (romantic) was popular from the 1500's to 1650.


       The Galliard was very similar to the Saltarelli (Saltarello), and is very similar to the Tordion. The Galliard is a sprightly dance done in triple time, which has been referred to as "the dance with uncontrollable zest" as well as a courting dance, (competitive teasing). The Galliard is a pantomimicdance and was said to replace the Saltarello in popularity around 1546.

      People watching the dance would egg the dancers on calling out to the dancers to try to make them perform or tease harder (like a modern jam.) At one time it only had five steps and was mainly composed of leg thrusts and leaps (done on the fifth eight count, was also done in 3/4 meter-arbeau). The Galliard was danced forward, backward, sideways, and diagonally. It was also the only dance to be done "Bare headed", or with the hat in hand. (The dance has been described as a type of "Cockfight").

      The Hautesdances were much livelier and spirited than the Basse dances and eventually had numerous figures in which to dance. The "Gaillarde" was a lively skipping dance and as time went on the Basse Dance and the Galliard merged, which today, they are almost one in the same. The Galliard was an 'after dance' (means happening after another) and was done in 3/4 or (6/8) time and in Spain-duple time.

      The Tordion was a lively and smoother 16th century court dance and was done in Black Face Minstrel shows which was derived from the livelier Galliard. The Minuet and Galliard followed the Pavane in dance order. (It used the Pavane as it's introductory dance). The Galliard was also known as the:
Cinq-Pas: (France),
Gagliarda: (Italy),
Gagliarde: (Rome),
Gaillard: (England), [Means: "Strapping Man"] Queen Elizabeth was a big fan of the Galliard.
Gallarda: (Spain),
Gaillarde
: (French) [Means: "Strapping Woman"]
Romanesque: (French) [means: 'Romantic"]
Roamine: (Italy?)

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

France 1480s R. Omanesca Court
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music Titles

n/a n/a A Galliards Gygge
            Galliarde La Roine D'Ecossse
            Earle of Essex Galliard
            Gagliarda 1a
            Galliarde [MP3]
            Galliarde III
            Galliarde du pass
            Galliarde Englese
            La fatigue Galliarde
            La Traditora
            Master Birds Galliard
            The World Of Lully CD
            Tausend Dukaten
            Terpsichore: Galliarde [mp3]
            Trios pour le coucher du roi
            Two Galliardes [mp3]
             
            ~See: Full Galliarde Music List
 

Night Clubs, etc.

Theaters

Locations

Versailles n/a France
            Italy
            Lambardy
            Milan
            Rome
 

Films / Movies

Television

Courts / Ballets / Stage

1991 - Tous les matins du monde n/a Bayonne (1560)
            James I Court Ball[English]
            Royal Court[Paris]
            Terpsichore: Galliarde
            Trios pour le coucher du roi
           

Publications

            n/a
                 
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Allemande Cing-Pas La Italiana Romanesque
Almain or Almayne Courante Minuet Round Dances
Basses Dances Gagliarda Passa-Mezzo (Passemezo) Saltarelli
Bouree Galliard Pavane Saltarello
Brando, Branle Hautes Danses Quadrilles Sarabande
Choral Dance La Francese Romaine Tordion (Tourdion)
       

Various Galliardes

Baisons-nous belle Romanesque    
Romaine Si je t'aime ou non    
 

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Alla Francesca (1520) Mr. Issac Catherine de Medici (1519-1589)
Fredrico Gonzaga (1520) Pierre Attaingnant (1490-1553) Elizabeth (1558-1603)
Girls of Burgandy (1560) Pierre Rameau (1720's) James I & IV (1566-1625)
Girls of Champagne (1560) Praetorius Louis XIV
Girls of Poitou (1560) R. Omanesca (1588)      
James Paisable Sir Andrew      
Jean Baptiste Lully (1632-1687) Sir Christopher Hatton      
Molière        
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date

Publisher

Ad compagnones qui sunt de personna friantes de Arena, Antonius 1536 n/a
Intabulatura del Lauto Rotta, Antonio 1546 n/a
II Ballarino Caroso, Fabritio 1581 n/a
$ Orchesogrphy Arbeau, Thoinot 1588 n/a
$ Nobiltà de dame (translated to English) Caroso,Fabritio 1600 n/a
Nuvone inventioni di Balli Negri, Cesare 1604 n/a
$ The Dancing Master Rameau, Pierre 1728 n/a
$ Recueil de danses; and, La Nouvelle Galliarde Feuillet, Raoul-Auger pre-1800 Gregg
History Of Music n/a n/a n/a
A History Of Dance Johnston, Reginald S. 1905 Simpkins-Kent & Co.
World History Of Dance Sachs, Curt 1937 Norton & Co.
$ Dance Encyclopedia Chujoy, Anatole 1949 A.S. Barnes
 

Composers / Musicians

Artists

Poets / Writers

$ Jean Baptiste Lully (1632-1687) Pierre Attaingnant (1490-1553) John Davies (1596)
Jean d'Estrees (d.1576)      
$ Joachim van den Hove (c.1612)        
Mr. W. Birde (c.1590s)        
$ Pierre Attaingnant (1490-1553)        
$ Tylman Susato (c.1500-1564)        
$ William Brade        
 

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Baroque
Gallarda Espanola
Jardin de Falerina (Calderon)
Reverence
Dulcimer, Lute Grappo Renaissance Ruade droit
 

Other...