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Flamenco
Flamenco   Dance
    

The Flamenco is said to exist in three forms: Cante (the song), Baile (the dance), and Guitarra (guitar playing). The Malagueña (or Flamenco) shares with the Fandango the rank of the principal dance of Andalucía (Spain). The Flamenco is a Spanish-Sevillian gypsy, (also Sevillian or Sevillanas is a non-formal folk dance from Andalucía, Spain but the Sevillanas is believed to be of the older Castilian folk dance called the Seguidillas).

 

     The Gypsy is not alone in the creation of the Flamenco but played a major part. The Baile flamenco is said to have originated by the gypsy with their arrival in Spain as early as 1425 in Zaragoza, capital of Aragon (southern Spain) while others say Triana (Gypsy Quarter of Seville) and may be of some Indian and or Muslim origin (all instances disagreeable with some historians as the Birthplace).  The majority entered via Barcelona (in Catalonia) in 1447.

 

However the gypsies believe they are descendent from the Moors (the Moors invaded Spain 711-1492). The Granada gypsy (Andalusan) calls himself "Gitano" (gypsy) and the Sevillian gypsy calls himself a "Flamenco" with the Hungarian Gypsies being called Hungaros. Spain has 47 provinces and they each have their own style of dance.

 

     The 'Golden Age' of Flamenco was around 1869-1910 in the cafes and nightclubs (cafés cantantes) and the more serious form being called 'cante jondo' or 'deep song'. Julián Arcas is credited for introducing Guitar playing into the songs of Flamenco. La Argentina was one of the first to put Flamenco on stage.

    

The Flamenco has strict rhythmic rules one must follow to achieve the correct look. The 'paso de Sevillanas' is known as the standard or basic Sevillana step. Rhythm forms (compás) include Alegrias, Soleares, Bulerias, Farruca, Zapateado, Tango, Tarantas, seguiriyas and the Zambra. The foot and heel beats that the dancers perfect are called Zapateado (done in the third Sevillana, five total) while the heel work done in Flamenco is called taconeo. The Flamenco is rich in rhythm and refined technique that is very masculine (Likened to a arrogant Spanish Tap dancer).

 

 

Alegrias is one of the oldest and is considered one of the purest, most refined and dignified of the Spanish Flamenco repertoire.

Bulerias is similar to Alegrias, however it is faster and more lively/ jollier.

Farruca is said to be the most Gypsy of all the Spanish dances.

Soleares is rarely done today by itself, is said that when mixed with the Alegrias is the origin of all flamenco dances.

Zambra is Spanish Flamenco dance with direct Moorish origin, done entirely by women.

Malagueña shares with the Fandango the rank of the principal dance of Andalusa. It is sometimes called the Flamenco, a term which in Spain signifies gay and lively when applied to song or dance. It is said to have originated with the Spanish occupation of Flanders (1506-1714). Spanish soldiers who had been quartered in the Netherlands were styled Flamencos. When they returned to their native land it was usually with a full purse; generous entertainment and jollity followed as a matter of course.

Zapateado, El - (form of Flamenco,) Spanish Cowboy. This is the same sort of movement as the Guaracha, and is in the time of 3/8. There is in this dance a considerable noise made by the feet. Its steps are struck, as it were, similar to the Anglais and the Sabottière.

 

    

The costumes worn by the ladies wore ruffled skirts that roar when they would twist and spin, the men would wear tight Spanish outfits that reeked of masculinity. Castanets are Spanish, however they are not Flamenco (many Gypsy men see male castanet work as being effeminate) however their is arm work during the dance being called the 'braceo.' Flamenco gained its highest popularity in the 1940-1950's. In 1967 Solero de Jerez (17), performed a flamenco which gained a Guinness Book Record of 1,000 heel taps per minute (averaged 16 per second). also see Spanish dance for more information.



Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Spain 1400s? / 1700s Spanish Soldiers Spanish

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Video Clips (pop-up)

Music

Gypsy Wildcat 1912 - Tangoland Video Music Clip not available at this time Alegrias [MP3]
      1948 - Solea (Gomez) Video Music Clip not available at this time Andalusian Patio
      Danza Flamenca (Azpiazu) Video Music Clip not available at this time Best Flamenco Ever (CD)
      El Vito (Alexander) Video Music Clip not available at this time Bolero Maorquie
      Flamenco Love (Caiola) Video Music Clip not available at this time Bulerias (CD)
      Panaderas de la Flamenca (Gomez) Video Music Clip not available at this time Campanilleros
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Caribe E Flamenco
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Legends of Gypsy Flamenco (CD)
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Fandangos Poulares
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Flamenco a Go Go (Stevens)
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Gypsy Tango
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Joy of Cadiz
        Video Music Clip not available at this time La Bamba Gitana
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Malagueña
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Masters of Flamenco Guitar (CD)
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Soleares [MP3]
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Sonata in D - Zapateado (Albeniz)
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Song of Granada
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Tanquillos de Cadiz [MP3]
        Video Music Clip not available at this time Tanguillo; Zambrilla
        Video Music Clip available Zapateado [MP3] (Sabicas)

Night Clubs, etc

Theaters

Locations

Cuevas de Nemesio Mark Hellinger Theatre (1986) Andalusa
Las Brujas
Romea Theatre (Madrid) Barcelona
Los Canasteros Zorongo Theatre and School   Córdoba
Mont du Marsan (France)       Granada
Peña Flamenca de Estepona       Jerez de la Frontera (provence-cadiz)
Torres Bermejas       Moriz Palace (Seville)
Waldorf-Astoria (1952)       Triana

Television

Publications

Ballets / Stage

1967 - José Greco Flamenco Specials 1774 - Cartas Marruecas" of Cadalso Flamenco Puro (1986)
Flamenco of Tomas de Madrid (Clip) 2/8/1945 - Life Magazine "Gypsy Dance" Gypsy Passion
Flamenco of Mario Maya Cantiñas (Clip)   Jerez Puro
Flamenco of Antonio Gades & Cristina Hoyos (Clip)    

Flamenco Films and related Movie + Clips

Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1896 - Tambourine Dance by Annabelle
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1960 - Café de Chinitas
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1898 - Castanet Dance
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1961 - Bulerias (Carmen Amaya and her Troupe)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1901 - 'Járabe' Dance, Streets of Mexico, Pan-Am. Expo. (clip is the tour)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1961 - Puente de coplas
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1901 - Sevillanas Dance Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1964 - El alma de la copla
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1905 - Danses Gitanas (by Alice Guy) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1964 - Los Tarantos (Amaya & Gades)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1927 - La hermana San Sulpicio (Imperio) ... also 1934 Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1964 - Valiente
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1928 - Corazones sin rumbo (Imperio) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1970 - Flamenco en Castilla
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1928 - Fandango (no Flemenco - a kinda apache dance) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1970 - Ley de Raza
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1929 - La Femme et le Pantin (Conchita Montenegro) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1973 - Me Has Hecho Perder El Juicio
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1935 - Here's To Romance Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1974 - Cantes de Málaga
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1936 - El Embrujo del Fandango (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1975 - Canciones de Nuestra Vida
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1936 - 'La Hija de Juan simon (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1975 - Cuando los Niños Vienen de Marsella
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1936 - Maria de la O (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. Morena Clara (Imperio)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1936 - Morena Clara Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1975 - Flamenco
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1937 - El Brujo del Fandango (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1975 - La Carmen
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1938 - Andalusische Nächte   1981 - Bodas de Sangre
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1938 - Carmen, la de Triana (Imperio) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1983 - Carmen [DVD] (Carlos Saura's)
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1941 - Ziegfeld Girl [DVD] Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1984 - Corre Gitano
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Goyescas (Imperio) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1984 - El balcón abierto
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1942 - Un Baile Sin Igual - (Rosario y Antonio) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1985 - Flamenco at 5:15 [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - El Alma del Flamenco (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1985 - École du flamenco, L'
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Hollywood Canteen [DVD] (Rosario)   1986 - El amor brujo
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1945 - El Embrujo del Fandango (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1990 - Montoyas y Tarantos
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1946 - Noches Flamenca Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1990 - Montoyas y Tarantos
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1947 - Embrujo Lola Flores (Flamenco and other dances) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1992 - El Amor Brujo [DVD] (Carlos Saura's)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1948 - The Captain from Castile Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1992 - Sevillana's [DVD] (by Carlos Saura)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1951 - Café Cantante Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1993 - Latcho Drom [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1951 - Soy de la Alhambra (the Farruca) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1997 - Flamenco [DVD] (by Carlos Saura)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1952 - Martinete (Antonio Ruíz Soler) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1997 - Flamenco Women [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1953 - El Bailarin (Antonio Ruíz Soler) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1998 Entertainers in British Films: Century of Showbiz in Cinema
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1953 - Gitana tenías que ser Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1998 - Flamenco in mineur
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1953 - Noches andaluzas (Antonio Ruíz Soler) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1998 - Un Viaje Andaluz
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1954 - Duende for Misterio del Flamenco Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1999 - Agujetas Cantaor
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1955 - Requiebro (plus Male Flamenco) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2000 - Fugitivas [DVD]
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1956 - Around The World In 80 Days [DVD] Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2000 - Gitano
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1957 - Pathe Newsreel: Shepherds Market Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2000 - Gypsy Heart [DVD] (O. Amaya)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1958 - Musica en la Noche' (Carmen Amaya) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2000 - Springtime in Granada
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1959 - Holiday for Lovers (Greco) Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2000 - Vengo [DVD] (Antonio Canales) DVD
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1959 - La Femme et le Pantin (Bridgette Bardot) alot in this film    
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1959 - Luna de miel (Antonio Ruíz Soler & Carmen Rojas)    

Other Related Dances of the time...

Alegrias Cante Flamenco Farruca Spanish Dance Tap
Andalusan Clog Jig Step Dance Zambra
Buck Dance Dance With Spiders Soleares Taconeo Zapateado
Bulerias Fandango   Tango   
... see Spanish Dance for more info on dances

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Angelita Vargas La Meri n/a
Antonio Canales Lola Flores (and Manalo Caracol)  
Antonio Gades & Christina Hoyos Lola Montez (Marie Gilbert)  
Antonio Ruiz & Pilar & Rosario Montoya (Antonio & Rosario) Los Tarantos Groupe  
Cansino's, the Lupe Del Rio  
Carmen Amaya (1913-1963) Manolete from Granada  
Carmencita (1890s) Manolo Marin  
Carola Goya Manuela Carrasco  
Conchita Montenegro María del Mar Moreno  
Donna? María Montero (1927)  
Dolores Del Rio Marie Bollinger   
Eduardo Serrano Maria Del Mar Moreno  
Felipe de la Rosa Nana Lorca  
Francisca Gonzalez "La Quica" (1905-1967) Omayra Amaya  
Jane Dudley Pedro de Cordoba  
José Cortés Rita Hayworth (Cansino's)  
Jose' Greco Trini Burrull  
Jose Torres Trini Reyes  
La Argentina (1886-1936) Vicente Escudero (1885-1980)  
La Argentinita (1900-1945)    

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date

Publisher

Dance Encyclopedia Chujoy, Anatole 1949 A.S. Barnes
$ The Flamencos of Cadiz Bay Howson, Gerald 1960s Bold Strummer
El Arte Del Baile Flamenco Claramunt, Alfonso Puig 1977 Ediciones Polâigrafa
Duende: A Journey into the Webster, Jason n/a Broadway Books
$ Becoming the Dance: Flamenco Spirit Morca, Teodoro 1990 Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.
$ The Art of Flamenco Pohren, Donn E. 1990 Bold Strummer Ltd
$ Gypsy Cante: Deep Song of the Caves Kirkland, Will 1999 City Lights Books
$ Antonia Mercé, la Argentina:... Bennahum, N. 2000 Wesleyan Univ Pr
$ Flamenco Haas, Ken 2000 Thames & Hudson
$ Gypsies and Flamenco: Emergency of the Art of Flamenco in Andalucía Leblon, Bernard 2003 Hertfordshire Press
$ Song of the Outcasts: Intro to Flamenco Totton, Robin 2003 Amadeus Press

Musicians, etc.

Singers

Artists / Writers

Albeniz, Mateo (1760-1831) Camarón de la Isla (1951-1992) Bill Brauer
Alexander, Allan Chano Lobato (b.1929) Elsie Stevens
Arcas, Julián (1832-1882) Imperio Argentina (12/26/1906) Erté
Azpiazu, Jose de La Paquera De Jerez   Fletcher Sibthorp
Barroso, Jose Luis Moneo Fred Brush
Caiola, Al Lola Flores and Manalo Caracol Martha Wiley
Gomez, Vincente     Traula
Lucia, Paco de (b.12/27/1947)     Wilhelm Gorre
Manolo de Huelva (1892-1976)      
Montoya, Carlos (1903-1993)      
Peña, Paco (b. 6/1/1942)      
Plata, Manitas De      
Ramos, Carlos      
'Sabicas', Agustin Castellon Campos (1913-1990)      
Segovia, Andrés (1893-1987)      
'Tomatito', Fernandez Torres (b.1958)      

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Andalusa Gypsies / Gypsy Zapateado peñas (flamenco clubs)
counter-time  Sevillian  payos (non-flamenco) cante (flamenco song)
Nuevo flamenco Rom / Romany Palmas (Hand Clapping)  

Other...

Link: Flamenco styles
 
 
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