different variations of the Brazilian Fado including the Portuguese Fado which is pretty much the main version of today, the Lulu Fado and Lundu.
The singer of the Fado originally performed sitting down, but today stands. The fado music is said to be liked by a few and detested by many, but once listened too, a certain kind of appreciation appears to the ear. The word Fado means "Fate or Destiny" with the first gramaphone recording being in 1902 and has been traced al the way back to the 1700's. The music is melencholy, emotion, dramatic and full of longing. A smooth sadness to the feel but can also have a rejoicingly feel as well. In Lisbon its lament is the sound of the city.
Salazar actually made the dance become much more public during his dictatorship through his demands that it only be performed in Vaudeville houses called revistas. The
steps of the Fado are said to be a hop, a skip and a kick in 2/4 time with the soul of the dance being of despair (Coimbra - trovas being opposite), arms are usually out-stretched like a bird if solo or at times if coupled.
The Fado and its variations (Lulu Fado, Fado Foxtrot etc) again became popular in the early 1900's along with all the Ragtime and early Jazz dances. The music is kinda bluesy with a sad feel or the Portuguese Fado (said to be from Lisbon) versions with an even more mournful strain to it. The clip above is demonstrating the Lulu Fado of 1914.