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Streetswings Dance History Archives: Czardas
Czardas Dance History Logo
Czardas Dance History Title Animated Czardas  (Hungarian)

   The fast paced Czardas (chär-däsh) whose correct spelling is Csárdás is the National dance and music style of Hungary. The dance originally derived from the Magya Kor (Hungarians, c.9th century to present) and Palotás peoples and later became popular in the early 1800's. Czardas means 'Innkeeper' and is of Gypsy origin which is done in duple time (2/4). The dance starts off slow, easy and sedate then ends up in a fast whirling and turning pace. There are still performing troupes who do this dance today.

   The tárogató instrument, (similar in timbre) to that of the clarinet, provides much colour, in parts making everything sound traditionally Russian. The female does steps that are similar to Flamenco but the sounds she makes are not

important while at the same time using their hands around the body in a shimmering type motion. Their outfits (wide skirts) are used to accent the turning and twirling they do while dancing. The males steps again are similar to the Flamenco but uses his heels to create 'Sharkazni' or a stomping sound. The male will leap, jump, squat and use knee bends etc. while they dance. The male and female dancers will also clap and snap their fingers to create a mood to the rhythm of the music. Many people in the United States see this dance as a Russian Dance, however it is not.

   In America, the Russian dance was usually performed with what they called 'Kazotskys', where the dancer squats down, crosses their arms across their chest and Kicks their legs out alternately. Altho this was an already established Hungarian dance called Czardas and it was not Russian, most Americans would not know the difference and still today see it as Russian dancing. Ida Forsyne was one of the first American woman to do these 'Kazotsky's' at the end of her performance in her Moscow program. These "Kazotsky's where done long before her but after this one performance, and her improvisations of it, she would be hailed (incorrectly) as the greatest Russian dancer of all time as she traveled the world for nine years without a break. For about 15 years this style Ida started would be done by many dancers in American Vaudeville and even on the Broadway stages from 1911 to 1925 and was even portrayed this way in many Hollywood movies and Television shows even today.

   Russian / Hungarian dancing was popular in the States especially in American Vaudeville as early as 1900, but Ida Forsyne brought it to the forefront, up until Tap dancers started to control the stages. Ida Forsyne, Greenlee and Drayton, U.S. Thompson, Willie Covan, Dewey Weinglass and others would excel in these quote "Russian Dances," often times calling it Legomania and sometimes a mixture of these and other dances were called Eccentric Dancing after WWI (see below).

   The Jewish Czárdás dance version seems to be related, but is more of a couples dance form (touching or Partnerd) rather than the male and / or female not touching but dancing together. Some of the steps used like the Rida, Buzz and Chug steps, leaps and knee bends (dips) play a part.

 

Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Hungary ? 1300s ? PAlotás Peoples National / Folk
       
 

Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

CD's

n/a Csardas Gipsy Czardas & Flamenco (CD)
      Ka`lma`n Imre (1945) Slovak Csardas: Dance Tunes from the Pennsylvania Coal Mines 1928-1930 (CD)
      The Minstrel
             
 

Theaters

Locations

Théâtre de l'Eldorado Carpathian Mountains
  Hungary
  Paris, France
  Slovakia Mountains
  Transylvania (Romania)
   
   
 

Czardas Music ...

C'est Si Bon Czardas Czardas Of Spisz Mendez Czardas (MP3) (Rafael Méndez)
Chardas Czardas Vivace (MP3) Parobek Czardas
Classic Dance Of The Czardas Czikos Czardas Sacred Czardas
Czardas (MP3) (Rafael Méndez) Danze hongroise Czardas (MP3) Solo Magyar
Czardas Caprice (MP3) Goulash Czardas 1  
Czardas Danube Waltz Lied und Czardas from Mariska (MP3)  
Czardas in C minor Mgayar Polkák  
 
Video Clips (Po-Up Window)

Czardas Related Films

Ballets / Stage

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1920 - Hegyek alján 1914 - Célestins of Lyon
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1927 - Czardasfürstin, Die (Princess Csardas) 1915 - Princess Czardas
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1928 - Ungarische Rhapsodie 1921 - Célestins of Lyon
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1934 - Die Czardasfürstin (Princess Csardas)
Coppélia (Petipa also Alonso)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Csardas Csárdáskirálynő
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1935 - Princess Czardas (Czardasfürstin, Die) Swan Lake
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1937 - Csardas: Her Wildest Night (Ihre tollste Nacht)  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1937 - Zauber der Boheme (Magic of the Boheme)  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1944 - Bulgaro-ungarska rapsodiya  
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1951 - die Czardasfürstin (Princess Csardas)  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1954 - Ungarische Rhapsodie  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1957 - Emmerich-Kalman-Story, Die (Czardas-König der)  
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1961 - Csárdáskirálynő - Jaj

Publications

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1958 - Czardas-König, Der (Princess Czardas) $ Czardas, the by Diane Pearson (sometimes out of print)
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1964 - Képek a magyar némafilm történetéböl (silents) $ Dances of the Hungarians (Rearick) '39
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1971 - Csárdáskirálynö (Princess Czardas) $ Hungarian folk dances by György Martin
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1979 - Magyar rapszódia $ A Concise History of Hungary (Molnár)
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1991 - Magyar rekviem  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2003 - Magyar szépség

Subscriptions

Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1997 - Footnotes: the classics of ballet [DVD] (Coppélia) n/a
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. Slovak Czardas and Songs (Dudik, Mrenica, Puskar)  
Not Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.    
 

Other Related Dances of the time...

Allemande Bukovynskyj Veselyj Tanok Gopak Magyar friss dance Russian Dance
Bayadère Circle Dance Gypsy Dance Mazurka Sabre Dance
Berceuse Cossack Dance Hopak Obereks Slovak Czardas
Bokazo? Czardas Marimba Hora Polka
Slavonic Dance
Botolo Tanc Flamenco Hungarian Dance Poltavskyj Kozaczok szapora
Bottle Dances Folk Dancing legényes
Punjabi folk dance Turning Dance
    Legini Romani Dances Waltz
 

Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Political

Alicia Alonso Dewey Weinglass Countess Erzsébet Bathony (1560-1614)
Greenlee and Drayton   Vlad Dracul (139? - 1447)
Laura Hormigon    
Marta Eggert & Jan Kiepura    
Petipa    
 

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date Published

Publisher

n/a n/a n/a n/a
                       
 

Musicians / Bands / Composers etc.

Singers

Artists

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897) Chet Atkins B. Gestwicki (Lustige Blatter mag. 1927)
$ Delibes, Léo (1836-1891) Jan Kiepura  
Enesco, Georges (1881-1955) Ljuba Welitsch  
Leahy Marta Eggert  
Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)        
Mendez, Rafael        
Michaeloff, Mischa (1950s)        
$ Monti, Vittori (1868-1922)        
Moreau, Adrien c. 1877 (Les Tsiganes)        
Gladiators, Nero And The        
Strauss, Johann (1825-1899)        
Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il'yich (1840-93)        

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

Chasidic communities     Slovak Csardas: Dance Tunes from the Pennsylvania Coal Mines 1928-1930
Gypsy    
Kazotskys    
Jewish dance    
Roma (Romani)    
sharkazni (Heel Strikes)    
Tambura    
Táncház      
        1928-30 Slovak Czardas [CD]

Other...

n/a