There is also, the "Bourrée du Berry" which is said (Giraudet) to be older than the Bourrée d'Auvergne and also said that it was not danced any longer by the 1870's. The merry and pleasant Bourrée d'Auvergne got its birth from the Branle of the Sabots in Auvergne, France.
The Bouree is regarded as one of the most characteristic of the popular traditions of Auvergne which opened many balls of the time. The name indicates, in prior French, "wool" coming from the shearing and is sometimes called the "French Clog Dance" as some dancers do this in wooden clogs. Margurite de Naverre, who was sister to the King of Sweden, Charles IX
(1550-1611 ) introduced this dance into the French Court IN 1565. It was very popular until the reign of the King of France Louis XIII (1601-1643). Bach wrote music for this dance as well. The Polka is said to be a descendant of the Bourrée.
The Bourrée was very favorable among the beautiful women and the young Lords of the time, as it was a very rapid moving dance as well as very lively. There are two versions:
1) Lower (plaine = plains)
2) Higher (montagne = Mountain).
The Bourrée de Averneis danced partly to a measure of ¾ and partly to a measure with 2/4. It is danced by four couples placed in square, as for squares cross (see clip on right and bottom.) also see Quadrilles.