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Photo depicts Apache dancer with an Aristocrat
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Apache Dance History Evolutions Origin Title
             The Apache (pronounced A-Posh or A-Poe-Shay) dance originated in the Parisian lower classes. The USA pronounces it akin to the American Indian of the same spelling, however there is no connection to the American Apache Indian whatsoever.

   The Apache Dance origins were first reported as a domestic street fight between two men and a woman in the 'Montmartre section' of Paris in the front of a night club that was indirectly responsible for the name "Apache." A local Parisian gazette journalist reported that "The fury of a riotous incident (a fight) between two men and a women rose to the ferocity of savage Apache Indians in battle."

   These participants, proud of their reported deed, formed "Apache Bands" which were actually street gangs that would become known as "les Apaches."These Apaches or "Gunmen of Paris" created their own type of dancing which reenacted the actions of that reported night at many "Caveau des innocents" (underworld clubs.) Historically, the Apache Dance was billed as the "Dance Of The Underworld" for very valid reasons.

   There were no real steps, patterns or routines per-say, however the 'Gunmen of Paris' acted out their story in

in Pantomime which was done to Waltz or Tango music. The females were very strenuously embraced and acted out signs of fear, but at the same time devotion. Knives would be drawn by male and/or female and the women were slapped, pushed, dragged and generally thrown roughly all over the place by the ruthless, savage, violent acting male (and sometimes females,) in the essence of a domestic fight between two lovers or a pimp and his whore, and at times a jealousy spawned cat fight, etc. The dance is an intense, brutal looking dance, but is not vulgar, rather a dance of primitive passion between a man and a woman (and no the male did not always win the battle.)

   While "Slumming" became popular to the upper classes during this time in Paris (Slumming became popular in the States as well in Harlem at the time) the upper classes enjoyed watching the antics of these Apache Bands and in a modified dance which would help fuel much of its social limelight. Altho briefly tried, the dance proved to be too rough for the social dance floor and remained an exhibition only dance. All tho rare, some of the ladies that danced the Apache had seriously injured themselves or even died during their performance or practice sessions with broken backs, necks etcetera, due to inexperience by some hastily attempting to cash in on it's fame or trying to make a name for themselves, which added to this dance not becoming very popular socially, altho it was tried SOCIALLY for a VERY short period of time. Most of these dancers were quite experienced tho and had no injuries. The clip on the lower left is from '$ Les Vampires' and shows some of the real life Apaches from France.

   This dance was somewhat similar to the tango in the USA, and some folks would eventually confuse this dance with the tango in its early history of evolution. Not all dance instructors or performers could afford to go to Paris to see and / or learn this dance in it's originality and only a few actually did ... but most never saw them perform it either. So they kind of had to make it up as they went and used the Tango as a basic.

   The tango does share some of the Apache and vise-a-versa still to this day. Some historians say the dance came from the Can-Can, which is very highly unlikely but has been shared on the same stage many times. The Whirlwind Waltz is reported to have many apache similarities as well. The Apache reached its highest level of acceptance in the early 1900's but soon died out and was replaced by the smoother and more graceful, and socially do-able Tango. However, the dance still had an appeal for the camera and Movie / TV makers would use the dance alot for many years after the fad had eventually died out.

   Rudolph Valentino has been reported to not have really known the Tango but was an expert Apache dancer who faked the tango dance, doing instead a toned down Apache of the day, which is somewhat apparent in a few of his films (like Rogues Romance.) Mr. Joseph Smith seems to be credited with the ealy origins in the USA having imported the dance from Paris to New York around 1904. Maurice Mouvet was one of the leaders in its popularity here in the states as well. Also the Apache dance used a behind the back maneuver that would become the main step done of the Texas Tommy and Breakaway dances of the time which was used later in the Lindy Hop (aka Apache Whip in West Coast Swing) and is still used today. In 1902 Kid Foley and Sailor Lil made one of the earliest silent films about this dance called "A Tough Dance" which was the Apache Dance (See Bottom).

       These "Apache Gangs" were a real and dangerous lot of criminals that took hold in Paris in the early 1900's. These "Gunmen of Paris" As they were called, stayed in many dives called "Doss Houses" ... a kind of safe house if you will. (altho most used Knives rather than Guns, the upper ranks did use Guns called Sidis). The women folk of these gangs would usually get the attention of a tourist or guest just long enough that the male(s) Apache would strike. These Apache gangs were real bad news to unsuspecting people/Tourists. The most notorious Gang in Paris to date was known as "Les Vampires".

   As Upper crest society got bored, many of these gangsters found good money in hiring out their dance services for the bored female aristocrats, the more blood thirsty an Apache was known for in real life, the more money he was paid as a dance partner for an hour. The average "Apache for Hire" (Thug) made around $10 - $20 a dance or $100.00 for an hour of dancing with the real bad ones making much more. Many notorious "real Apaches" like Jules Jacques aka "The Tiger," Little Scarlip, Louis The Strangler, Raoul the Butcher learned that slitting throats was not as profitable as the re-telling of the tale to these bored, refined ... umm ... upper class ladies who craved abysmal sensations that these criminals could provide.

   The 1915/1916 Film 'Les Vampires' directed by Louis Feuillade is a seven hour silent film that was made in Paris during WWI that depicts many of the real Parisian Underworld Gangs (aka: Gunmen of Paris), notably the 'Vampires Gang.' The short clip on the left is from this film and shows a snippet of one dance scene. This is not a Vampire/cult film as the name might suggest but rather a film made about the Parisian Underworld and especially a real life Apache Gang called the Vampires. There is some great Apache dance scenes of them doing the infamous Apache dance that is not a "re-created" but the real life, actual Apache dancers / gang members that were hired by the film director ... doing this dance. It is a Historically significant and excellent silent film (altho sub-titled in English) even without the Apache dance scenes. If your interested in the Apache dance or its connections, this is a must have film for you for authentic Apache stylings. It's usually not in your local stores but is available here on les Vampires DVD. ...(Thanks to Steve Ross for this films info).

   Mademoselle Mistinguett (Jeanne Florentine Bourgeois | 5 April 1875 – 5 January 1956) also has connections to the Apache dance thru a similar dance called the chaloupée (Cake-Walk Parisien).


Birth Place

Creation Date

Creator

Dance Type

Paris, France late 1880's "The Gunmen of Paris" (les Apaches 1900's) Exhibition (1900's)
    (stage version by Mistinguett)  

related Posters, Lobby Cards etc.

Sheet Music Covers

Music Titles

Amabassadeurs (Poster) The Apache Dance 1 1910 - Apache Dance (Diamonds)
Can-Can (Poster) The Apache Dance 2 1922 - The Apache
Casino de Paris (Poster) Gigolette 1936 - Apache Dance
Folies Bergere (Poster)   Apache (Incredible Bongo Band)
Georgia Smart Set (Bubba Macks Apache Dancers)   Gigolette
Gigolette's of Paris (Poster)   la Valse Chaloupée (Official waltz of the Apache song) aka: Vals Chalupa Shallop
les Apaches des Paris (Poster)  
les danse modernes (Poster)   Old Montmartre [IMPORT] (CD]
Moulin Rouge(Poster)   Can Can Soundtrack (CD]
    Famous Ballet Music 2 (Gaite) (CD]
    Orpheus in the Underworld (CD]

Night Clubs / Cabarets

Theaters

Locations

Bal des Gravilliers (France) Bell Theater (Melle & Dorey 1919) Montmarte, Paris
Bal des Savoyards (France) Circle Theater (1908 NY) Broadway, New York
Birdcage, the (1926 France) Schlitz Gardens (1935 IN) Fountain Bleu
Boulavard de la Chappelle (France) Strand Theater (Compson-Kosloff) Versailles
Cafe of the Dead Man's Tomb (1922 France)   Palace de Justice (lol)
Cafe of the Green Snake (1922 - France)    
Caveau des Innocents (France - Famous)    
Deauville Resort (1922)    
Folies Bergere - Paris, France    
French Quarter    
La Belle de Nuit (France)  

Real Apache Gangs / People

La Boule Noire (1949)   Mrs Benjamin Thaw (Jewels) Apache Dancers
La Pere Lunette (France)   Chicotte Gang (1910's)
Le Chateau Rouge (France)   Cho-Cho (Stole Thaws Jewels)
Latin Quarter (s)   Le Beaux-Rouge (Redskins)
Moulin Rouge - Paris   Les Apaches (1910s)
Palais De Danse - NY & Paris   Louis La Belle (1922)
Sans Souci - New York & Paris   Georgette Faraboni (1915)?

Youtube Videos in a pop-up window.

Films / TV (View Pop-up Clips on left of title)

Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1890s - Babe Johnson's Tough Dance (Killiam #5)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1937 - Okay For Sound (Crazy Gang) Vitaphone Short [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1897 - Bowery Waltz (note: some call this an Apache)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1938 - Montmarte Madness - Les Apaches (Frank Mazzone) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1902 - A Tough Dance (added sound)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1938 - Old Mother Riley In Paris (George Wolkowsky & Kathleen Sarah Crawley)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1907 - Bowery Waltz - Sunny Africa, NY (American Biograph & Mutoscope)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Sweater Girl - Rehearsal (Eddie Bracken & June Preisser)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1909 - Apache Dance (directed by Frank Danvers Yates)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1941 - Your In The Army Now (Durante in Drag) (Armondo & Lita)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1910 - Bébé apache Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1943 - Variety Jubilee (Ganjous & Jaunita) not Apache but acrobatic similarities
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1915 - The Apaches of Paris
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1944 - Ghost Catchers (Armando and Lita) [ DVD | VHS ]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1915 - Parisian Love (Clara Bow) [Restored at UCLA - [Download] Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1944 - Pin-Up Girl [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1916 - Joey's Apache Mania
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1947 - Crime Doctors "Gamble" (Don & Dolores Graham)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1915 - Les Vampires DVD | Blue-Ray (by Louis Feuillade, Paris) [Clip2|Clip3] Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1949 - Slightly French [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1919 - a Rouges Romance (Valentino does Apache - not Tango)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1950 - French Revue, Int'l Burlesque (Group Apache)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1919 - L' Apache (Dorothy Dalton) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1949 - It's a Great Feeling (Dennis Morgan / Jack Carson) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1920's - The Locorno Four (Pathe)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1949 - Milton Berle Texaco Show (Mazzone & Abbott Dancers) 11/29/1949
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1920 - Dancin' Fool, the (Bebe Daniels & Wallace Reid) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1952 - Lovely To Look At [VHS]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1920 - Le Lys de la vie Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1952 - Moulin Rouge (maybe has Apache?) [DVD | VHS ]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1923 - The Apache Dancer Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1952 - Singin' in the Rain (Gene Kelly & Cyd Charisse) [DVD | VHS]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1925 - The Apache
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1954 - Phantom of the Rue Morgue (Don & Dolores Graham) [VHS]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1925 - Crimson Runner, the (Priscilla Dean)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1955 - Abbott & Costello Meet The Mummy (Mazzone & Abbott) [DNLD | DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1925 - Masked Bride, the (Joan Crawford)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1957 - the Gale Storm Show "A Touch of Paris"
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1926 - Paris (Crawford and Douglas Gilmore) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1960 - Cole Porter's Can-Can [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1927 - The Hummingbird (Gloria Swanson / Aurelio Cocia)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1960 - Dos Locos En Esceno - comedy (Viruto & Capulina)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1928 - The Apaches of Paris
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1962 - I Due Mafiosi - Gigolo de la Seine (Ciccio & Franco)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1928 - The Apache (Don Alvardo & Margaret Livingston)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1963 - Take Her She's Mine (Sandra Dee does Apache)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1928 - Released from Bondage
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1965 - Burkes Law (Ricardo Montalban & Debbie Butler) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1933 - Along Came Sally (aka Aunt Sally) [DVD]
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1966 - German TV "New Years Eve Show" (Clip#9)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1934 - Les Danse Apache (Alexis and Dorrano) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 2001 - Moulin Rouge [DVD] (a variation of)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1934 - Queen Of Hearts (Comedy Apache) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. Grindhouse Follies Vol. 4 (Adult Burlesque shorts)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1935 - Bolero (George Raft & Carole Lombard) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. Popeye Cartoon "Apache Dancer" (8mm coast film)
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.
1935 - Charlie Chan "In Paris" (Dorothy Appleby & Buster Keaton) Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. Fresh Prince - Will Smith "Apache Parody"
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1935 - Charlie Chan In Paris [DVD] Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.  
Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window. 1936 - Sweet Lights and Sweet Music Viewable thru a Youtube Video Pop-up window.  

Stage, Broadway etc.

Publications, Books, Newspapers, Magazines

1908 - L' Amour de l'Apache $ Guide de Montmarte
1910 - Apache Dance, the (Vaudeville Skit) $ Moulin Rouge
1910 - Belle of the Boulavard, the (Stopped by Police 3 Times) $ Moulin Rouge (1884-1904)
1910 - Girl in a Taxi, the $ The Moulin Rouge
1910 - Paris By Night 1903 - Paris qui Chante (Music Magazine)
1913 - New York Revue 12/1908 - Kansas City Star (New Dance At Circle Theatre)
1914 - Hands Up 2/9/1909 - NY Times
1922 - La Danse Brutale (Etoile Lenoir - Folies Bergere ) 12/14/1909 - Washington Post
1923 - The Dance Of Death (Kerr / Eastman) 1/30/1910 - The Constitution (Play Stopped - Maude Allen | Hoffmann)
1924 - I'll Say She Is!" (D'Andrea and Walters) 10/16/1921 - Syracuse Herald (Story of Apache Trickery)
1924 - Innocent Eyes (Mistinguett) 11/20/1921 - Lima News (More of the Trickery Story)
1925 - Green Temptation (Betty Compson - Theo Kosloff) 5/7/1922 - (Hiring an Apache for a Thrill)
1927 - My Old Dutch (Rudolph and Jingles Exner) 9/26/1922 - Mexia Evening News (Valentino does Expert Apache)
1929 - The Little Show 12/24/1922 - Lima News (Mrs. Thaw catches Gigolo Apache Thief)
1934 - Wonder Bar (Delores and Cortez) 3/4/1923 - Lima News (Dance of Death Article)
1937 - Blake Of Scotland Yard 1/3/1924 - Appleton Post-Crescent
Queen of the Moulin Rouge 10/24/1924 - Daily Mirror
Ma Gosse (by John N. Raphael) 3/21/1927 - Galveston Daily News (How to Make an Apache)
  5/5/1948 - Eurlington (Paris by Night Tour - Real Apache Club)
1903 - Paris qui Chante 9/12/1949 - The Evening Capital (Mazzone)
  9/13/1949 - Newark Advocate & American Tribune (Film)
  Entertainers in British Films: Century of Showbiz in the Cinema

Other Dances of the time...

Aeroplane Waltz Maurice Tango Honey Bug LuLu Fado Skirt Dance
Apache Dance Chaloupée Hooche Cooche March Slow Drag
Argentine Ardor Charleston Horsetrot Maxixe Syncopated Canter
Arizona Anguish Chicken Flip Hug-Me-Tight Mooch and Sugar Tango
Bacchanalian Waltz Collegiate Innovation Necktie Waltz Terrapin Toddle
Boll Weevil Wiggle Collegiate Foxtrot Jazzarimba One Step Texas Tommy
Boston Dip Collegiate Shag Kangaroo Canter Ostrich Stretch Toddle
Break away Dewey Dip Kangaroo Waltz Pavlova Gavotte Turkey Trot
Bunny Hug Dizzy Drag Kitchen Sink Peabody Two-Step
Buzzard Lope Fado Foxtrot La danse du Pave' Pickaninny Dandle Valse Apache
Cabbage Clutch Foxtrot La Valse Chaloupee Pollywog Wiggle Varsity Drag
Cakewalk Apache (Mistinquette) Fuzzy-Wuzzy Kitchen Sink Puppy Snuggle Walkin' The Dog
Cake Walk of the Barrières (Mistinquette) Gaby Glide Lambeth Walk Quickstep Waltz
Cakewalk Parisian (Mistinquette) Gilda Glide Lame Duck Salome dance Wiggle-de-Wiggle
Camel Walk Grizzly Bear Lemon Squeeze Shadow Dance Whirlwind Waltz
Cantor Waltz Grizzly Glide Lindy Hop Shimmy* Chinese Apache Dance (scene from China Town with Walters & D'Andrea, c1924)
Cartel Waltz Hesitation Waltz Love Dance Shiver Shake*
Castle Walk Hippo hop LuLu Fado  
         

Apache Dancers, Choreographers etc.

Ada Terrill, Miss (Houston, TX Delegate) Frank Mazzone & Gypsy [1923] Abbott Troupe [1949] Mlle. Polaire (stage play - c.1908)
Adam and Jane Ditano [c1930s] George Raft [1935] Marge & Gower Champion [1940s]
Alexandre Vlad [1905] George WolKowsky and Nadia, Kathleen Sarah CRAWLEY (Georges Wife) known as Esme Grande. Maurice Mouvet, Jeannette and Florence Walton [1905]
Alonso and Pepita Meade and Nona (1935)
Ambrogio Malerba [1960] Georgette Faraboni (1915 les Vampires) Mistinguett & Max Dearly [1909]
Anita, Charles and Jack [1936] Gloria Swanson (1927) Mme. Mella & M. Fernand Dorey (1919)
Andreas Pavley (1922) Gould & Surrat [1909] Molasso & Corio [1908]
Angel Cansino [1927] Harry Walters & Cecile D'Andrea (1924) Ned Wayburn [1927]
Angela Blue & Hermes Pan [1944] Henny Porten [1906] Nick Stuart [1937]
Bebe Daniels and Wallace Reid [1920] Joan Crawford [1925] Priscella Dean (1925)
Bubber Mack and his Apace Dancers [1930] John Jarrot [1940s] Ricardo Cortez & Dolores Del Rio
Charles Sadler [1927] Joseph C. Smith, Louise Alexander & Hamilton [1905] Rudolph and 'Jingles' Exner (1927)
Chanteuse Claire Waldorf [19??] Kid Foley and Sailor Lil' [1902] Shirley MacLaine & Juliet Prowse [1960]
Clifton Webb & Libby Holman [1929] L. Hughes & B. Bennett Theodore Kosloff & Betty Compson [1914]
D'Andrea and Walters [1924] Laverne and LaFayette Valentino [1920s]
De Revuelt [1927] Laura Hamilton [1915] Vanda & Vladimer (Pathe Newsreel) [1930]
Donald Kerr (1926) w/ Gretchen Eastman Locorno Four, the Viruto & Capulina (1960)
Dorothy Applebee & Buster Keaton (1935) Louise Alexander [1905] Walters & D'Andrea (c. 1924)
Ernest Belcher [1912 & 1927] Machaira [1927] Woods & Bray [1940s]
Etoile Lenoir (1922) Mallaso and Cario (1922) (Molasso & Corio)  
Fanchon & Marco [1930s] Marie D' Albaicin (1922)  
Fred Le Quorne [1927]    

Books, Magazine Articles on the dance...

Title

Author

Date Published

Publisher

Hit! Magazine Hit! Magazine 3/5/1945 n/a
Maurice's art of dancing: an autobiographical sketch with complete descriptions Maurice Mouvet 1915 n/a
     

Musicians

Bands

Artists

Links

Hinett, Art Black Diamonds Band Kees van Dongen
(la Valse Chaloupée)
Richard Powers Page
  Incredible Bongo Band  
    Apache Dance (1933)
Fred Gardner
 

Song Writers

   
$ Offenbach   Apache dance etching
(Kurt Hilscher)
 
     

Misc. Research Words that may be related ... to help your searches

A-Posh Bowery / Bowry Les Apaches Moulin Rouge
Apache tanz Gunmen of Paris Les Montmatois Ruffian
Argentine Tango Latin Quarter Montmartre' Valse Chaloupée
Arthur Dupin (1902 reporter) Dance of the Underworld Bowery Dance Tango
Tough Dancing Grisette Doss House  
Tenderloin Dance Halls      

 

Other...

"A Tough Dance" (Below is what I have, that is written about this film).
Performers: Kid Foley, Sailor Lil.
Duration: 0:45 at 15 fps.
Catalog no. 2166; code name (for telegraphic orders) Garben.
NCN046352; A tough dance. DLC
Filmed June 19, 1902, at the Biograph New York City studio, perhaps on the roof.

Materials: listed originate from the paper print chosen best copy of two for digitization; for other holdings on this title, see the M/B/RS Paper Print database. DLC From either side of a white, apparently outdoors.

Setting: enter a man and woman, both wearing ragged street clothes and caps. As they approach center stage, the man grabs the woman's arm and pulls her to him, then slaps her. Still holding her arm, the man and his partner cockily strut towards the camera. The man grabs the woman in a crouched, bear-hug type of hold and they perform a rough little dance that almost seems a parody of a waltz. In a jerky type of jitterbug, the man twirls the woman out of his hold and back again (the Apache Turn), a movement which is repeated often within their spinning dance. They finally fall to the ground, still clutching each other, and roll around.

Also ...
(From K.R. Niver, Early motion pictures, 1985):
Two people imitate the celebrated dance of the French apache. As the film begins, a man dressed in rough clothing approaches a woman, also dressed in tattered garments, who is standing near the center of camera position. They begin to accentuate their shoulder movements and, at the end of the film, are hitting one another and rolling about on the floor. The participants were Kid Foley and Sailor Lil, who claimed to be the champion performers of this popular Bowery dance.
Catalog no. 2166;
code name (for telegraphic orders) Garben.
NCN046352;
A tough dance. DLC,
Filmed June 19, 1902, at the Biograph New York City studio, perhaps on the roof. The Apache Turn Explained:
The 'Apache turn" (a dance pattern) in dance is also known as a dance pattern called the "Texas Tommy" in Lindy Hop and is done in many dances still today. It has the leader facing his partner in closed position with the leader taking his left arm (her right) down and behind the back of his partner with the ladies opposite hand (right) in his, which is also bent behind her back. The leader switches hands behind her back to his right hand and twirls or unwinds her away from him till her arm extends fully as she reaches open position facing him (or sideways,) then quickly twirls or wraps her back in again or reversing the previous action to the original starting closed position. There are a few variations of the pattern as well and is quite effective in all its variations.

external Link: Heres an excellent article on the Mistinguett STAGE versions.


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